Bitcoin Review - How To Buy, Sell, And Use Bitcoin Currency

Large Enterprise Adoption of Blockchain is happening, enabled by Quant Network’s Overledger

Large Enterprise Adoption of Blockchain is happening, enabled by Quant Network’s Overledger
https://medium.com/@CryptoSeq/large-enterprise-adoption-of-blockchain-is-happening-enabled-by-quant-networks-overledger-32321b650115
This is Part Two in the mini-series looking at Quant Network. You can see Part One here as well as links to other articles at the bottom of this post.
Quant Network have achieved incredible levels of adoption since launching Overledger less than a year ago. Their growth strategy is to partner with multinational global organisations with huge amounts of employees to then host / implement / take Overledger to each of their own clients. So one Partnership, leads to exponentially more and is the fastest way to scale rather than trying to partner with each customer individually. This is how companies such as Oracle grew so fast and Microsoft with their Partner Network.
These are multinational global organisations with 100,000 + employees, this is the scale that we are working towards to take Overledger to the mass market. We can’t do it one by one in each country and sign them up but we can partner with someone that has 100 customers and they can take it to all their customers as well which helps with the adoption of our technology” — Gilbert Verdian
Let’s start with arguably the biggest partnership for any Blockchain company listed on Coinmarketcap, the leading Financial Network Provider in Europe, SIA.

SIA

  • Provide the leading Financial Network in Europe with more than 100 Tier 1 banks connected, 44 Trading venues (including the main international stock markets in Milan, Rome, London, Frankfurt and New York) and other financial institutions covering the entire trading process from pre-trading to post-trading
  • process 14 Billion institutional services transactions, 7.2 billion card transactions, 3 billion payments, 51.7 billion financial transactions and carried 1,204 terabytes of data on the network
  • SIA in partnership with Colt and SWIFT are the only two network providers awarded a 10 year tender commissioned by the European Central Bank for the provisioning of connectivity services allowing European central and commercial banks, central depositories, automated clearing houses and other payment service providers to connect directly to Eurosystem market infrastructures through a single access interface (Eurosystem Single Market Infrastructure Gateway — ESMIG).
  • SIA’s SIAchain is the leading blockchain architecture in Europe connecting 570 Banks, Central Banks, Trading Venues and other Financial Institutions using R3’s Corda, Permissioned variants of Ethereum and Hyperledger Fabric.
  • SIA have Integrated Overledger into the leading blockchain architecture in Europe SIAchain so that all of the 570 banks, Central Banks, Trading venues etc can benefit from Blockchain Interoperability.
“Since the European launch of our private infrastructure SIAchain, we are at the forefront of innovation in blockchain technology with the aim of supporting financial markets with a high-performance and secure architecture and a clear governance model. We actively continue on our path of innovation and the achievement of a fully interoperable blockchain network is the foremost objective we want to reach with the collaboration of Quant Network and its disruptive vision on DLT”, says Daniele Savarè, Innovation & Business Solutions Director, SIA.
https://youtu.be/0cNmGrLPoTo
So what we’ve done is instead of just announcing one client and one thing, we’re announcing that we’re working with SIA. So, SIA is the leading European payment infrastructure. And what we’re doing with SIA is interconnecting blockchain networks with SIA, and doing settlements, which are central bank settlements, with the central bank in Italy. So what Overledger is doing is we’re actually bringing blockchain and interoperability to all of SIA’s clients, which are 580 banks. So, Overledger could be rolled out to all these institutions, financial services, banks, at scale, and have interoperability to get the benefits of this.
To read more see my other article which goes into more details about SIA here
https://preview.redd.it/dbpfz3914pn31.png?width=1148&format=png&auto=webp&s=f9e6b3db87954f2e86a4ce2e060646fa440e8543

AX Trading

Quant Network are working with AX Trading to bring more digital assets, securities and tokenised assets to their existing 800 institutional traders in an already live and connected FINRA and SEC regulated exchange. AX Trading is not just about trading securities but other digital assets such as Bitcoin, Ethereum and potentially even Quant in the Future.
  • an SEC-registered broker-dealer and Alternative Trading System (ATS) Operator. They are a member of FINRA and SIPC regulated authorities.
  • Have investors and sponsored brokers such as Credit Suisse, (a multinational investment Bank and Financial services company worth $27.5 billion).
  • AX currently have over 800 Institutional traders (these are not individuals, but corporations such as hedge funds, banks, investment banks, pension funds, insurance companies, endowment funds etc).
  • AX Trading have also partnered with Euronext, the largest Stock Exchange in Europe with a market cap of $4.65 trillion as of 2018, in the creation of Euronext Block which utilises AX Trading.
  • This is a multi-trillion dollar market with huge global enterprises, traditional exchanges and global banks are all adopting DLT at a rapid pace and going into production at scale in a matter of months
Overledger a blockchain operating system, will enable universal interoperability for regulatory-compliant security tokens and digital assets to be traded on AX ATS, a regulated secondary trading market. AX intends to integrate Overledger to help foster the evolution of traditional capital markets infrastructure to facilitate the mass implementation of regulated digital assets. With the increased market adoption of digital assets and banking “coins” such as JPMorgan Coin, AX and Quant Network are at the forefront to enable the transferability and movement of digital assets
George O’Krepkie, AX CEO said: “we look forward to partnering with Quant. Their technology will allow our blockchain agnostic security token exchange to communicate seamlessly with issuers, traders, investors, and regulators across different blockchain protocols. This is a key technological breakthrough that will help us bring the benefits of security tokens to Main Street and Wall Street.”
To read more see my other article which goes into more details about Wall Street 2.0: Enabled by Quant Network’s Partnership with SEC & FINRA registered AX Trading here
https://preview.redd.it/on9hbjk54pn31.png?width=1286&format=png&auto=webp&s=ca9ed465376e483801cf87e8933f0e718be915b4

Oracle

  • Oracle are the second largest software company in the world, second only to Microsoft and worth $174.5 billion.
  • Quant Network are an Oracle Fintech Partner. Oracle are jointly going to market with Quant Network and taking Overledger directly to their 480,000 clients globally.
  • On the week commencing the 23rd September 2019 Quant Network and Oracle will be showcasing Overledger at the largest Financial event of the year SIBOS. SIBOS is a very exclusive financial services only event that only institutions that are connected to SWIFT can attend. The only 2 Blockchain firms attending are Quant Network and Ripple.
At Sibos 2019 Oracle is excited to feature 10 of our fintechs that have proven they are enterprise cloud ready and span a wide range of digital transformation themes including several available on Oracle’s Open Banking API ecosystem. Discover how you can accelerate your digital banking journey with a wide range of proven Oracle fintech solutions that meet the security, performance, and compliance needs for today’s Adaptive Bank — Oracle SIBOS 2019 Blockchain Enables Trustworthy Transactions The potential uses of blockchain technologies are seemingly endless, from providing easy access to online payments to creating connected economies. But one of blockchain’s standout promises is to automate trust by providing an incorruptible platform for transactions. Quant’s Overledger is the world’s first blockchain operating system. It’s designed to provide any network in the world with a gateway to all other blockchains, and therefore enable companies to develop new solutions by incorporating features from multiple blockchain applications. — https://blogs.oracle.com/startup/innovation-pays%3a-the-five-fintech-startups-making-money-more-interesting
https://preview.redd.it/bv0hxxr84pn31.png?width=1100&format=png&auto=webp&s=8e67dd4a7b23eae444ed1ed9e7f7bda972236280

Crowdz

  • Crowdz are the leading blockchain-based trade finance company
  • Headed by Cisco’s former global supply-chain leader
  • In business since 2014, with 270+ beta clients
  • partnered with Barclaycard, part of Barclays Bank, to integrate into their payment solutions
  • Recently received $5.5 million Series A Investment from Barclays Bank and BOLD Capital Partners, with additional investments coming from TFX Capital Partners, Techstars Ventures, and First Derivatives
  • In talks with the Korean Government about using their tech.
Payson Johnston, President and CEO of Crowdz, a Silicon Valley trade-finance and financial-technology company, stated that, “Although Crowdz uses the Ethereum blockchain as the foundation for our Invoice Auction Exchange, we have needed a solution that allows for invoices and other documents to be transferred from one blockchain to another — for example, among Hyperledger, Corda, and EOS. With the Overledger solution from Quant Network, it is now possible to pass data among different blockchains. Crowdz looks forward to working with Quant Network to enable the true multi-blockchain environment that our customers demand.”
You can read more about the announcement here

AuCloud and UKCloud

  • UKCloudX is the UK Sovereign High assurance cloud services designed for the UK’s most sensitive and mission critical systems from Defence, National Security to wider Government requirements.
  • AUCloud is Australia’s sovereign cloud Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) provider, exclusively focused on the Australian Government (Federal, State and Local) and Critical National Industry (CNI) communities.
  • AuCloud integrate Overledger onto the AUCloud platform to provide highly secure and interoperable Blockchain-as-a-Service for Australian Government and Defence and the critical national industries and supply chains that serve the nation.
Scott Wilkie, Director of AUCloud stated that Australian Government, Department of Defence and major industries are using or testing blockchain to interact with their supply chain, critical infrastructure, national record keeping and financial services. These organisations require the interoperable functionality that can only come with an operating system like Overledger and the security of the leading sovereign Australian cloud platform. Without Overledger, none of these projects or systems will be able to communicate with each other or enable cross party collaboration. Brad Bastow, CTO AUCloud (previously CTO Department of the Prime Minster & Cabinet) stated that “applying world leading blockchain technologies to enhancing the cyber security of cloud IaaS and PaaS can significantly improve the ease of adoption and reduces risks for all government users and citizens. We aim to bring the most effective and assured technologies as-a-Service and Quant Network have some of the most advanced blockchain technology in the world in this respect.”
You can read more about the announcement here

SIMBA Chain

  • A Cloud-based, smart-contract-as-a-service (SCaas) platform. enabling users across a variety of skill sets to implement DAPPs.
  • formed from a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) grant in 2017 originally developed by ITAMCO and the University of Notre Dame
  • Awarded a grant from the Department of Energy to develop a platform for a blockchain solution for the solar energy market.
  • Their platform is available on Azure and are Microsoft Start Up Partners with a former Microsoft Global Exec Joining SIMBA Chain.
  • Some of their other partnerships include the Government Blockchain Association, Air Force Research Laboratory, Caterpillar, SAP and EY
  • Recently announced they are starting to develop on Quant Network’s Overledger to enable connection to all of the blockchains currently connected through Overledger and provide interoperability between them.
https://preview.redd.it/blpktdhc4pn31.png?width=438&format=png&auto=webp&s=ddf8bbad9bb1c2e32e84718b03fdac08e1f46663

https://preview.redd.it/lv7c8upd4pn31.png?width=1085&format=png&auto=webp&s=33c1b51f8b4b4479de99ac37ea4def67b348fe5e
https://youtu.be/u4ymv3AM_Us

AllianceBlock

  • an AI-powered decentralized investment and financing ecosystem, which allows corporates to quickly, cheaply and safely raise funds, whether it be equity, debt or tokens.
  • Selected as 1 of 15 Best Early-Stage startups at Money 20/20, Europe’s Largest Finetech Conference.
  • Joined Kickstart Innovation, one of Europe’s largest multi-corporate accelerators.
  • Joined Level39 Europe’s largest Fintech Accelerator
  • Partnered with Holochain, Elastos and Portugal Finlab
  • have more than 35 years combined experience in capital markets at top investment banks (Goldman, JP Morgan, Barclays…) and more than 10 years in AI, IT and software development (Barclays, VINCI, PostNL…).
“AllianceBlock will use Overledger to leverage multiple blockchains and create multi-chains token swaps. This partnership offers the possibility to open a new set of real-world applications leveraging different features from different chains. AllianceBlock is delighted about this partnership which will help blockchain projects and SMEs wield blockchain technology very easily” said Rachid Ajaja, Co-founder of AllianceBlock.

Jiangsu Huaxin Blockchain Institute

  • the first state-owned research hub dedicated to exploring blockchain technology for the Chinese Ministry of Commerce with over 100 employees.
  • high-tech R & D institution backed by the provincial government in Jiangsu, the second highest GDP grossing province in China
  • Backed by parent company Beijing Huaxin Electronics Enterprise Group, a conglomerate that has incubated and invested in numerous IT and telecommunications companies
  • China’s official institution for blockchain development, signed an agreement to collaborate on the development of innovations like distributed computing and quantum cryptography to revolutionize the next generation of distributed ledger technology (DLT) protocols.
  • Quant Network have signed a MoU for a 5 year cooperation

Atlantic Power Exchange

  • An Early Stage start-up developing P2P energy software enabling automated trading of green and sustainable electricity over the blockchain
  • Creating an Upstream Energy exchange which interconnects existing P2P exchanges (like PowerLedger, WePower, GridSingularity etc) to multiple stakeholders, suppliers and customers in Australia.
  • All Built on Overledger

Managing Director of Rockefeller Capital Joins the Board of Quant Network

  • Rockefeller Capital Management is a leading independent financial services firm led by President & Chief Executive Officer Gregory J. Fleming, offering global family office, wealth management, asset management and strategic advisory services to ultra-high-net-worth individuals, families, institutions and corporations
  • Rockefeller Capital Management manages over $19 Billion in Assets with the aim of expanding this to $100 billion within 5 years.
Guy Dietrich, Managing Director, Rockefeller Capital commented:
“I’m delighted to join the Board of Quant Network. This is an exceptional team of experienced professionals in the cybersecurity and blockchain industry.”
Guy Dietrich recently personally attended meetings with the UK’s Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) with Gilbert.

https://preview.redd.it/pko3capi4pn31.png?width=548&format=png&auto=webp&s=a200a3cb342a6ff848defcc94157cdee37c723af

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

Gilbert Verdian is the founder of ISO TC 307, the global standard for Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technologies which 55 countries are currently working towards. Gilbert is the chairman for the TC 307 Working Group for Interoperability of blockchain and distributed ledger technology systems

https://preview.redd.it/vfk2sgnk4pn31.png?width=1133&format=png&auto=webp&s=edd7ac8f51a9e08742f9754cec92cf1bcc0539ff

European’s Union INATBA

Quant Network is a founding member in the European Union’s launch of the International Association for Trusted Blockchain Applications (INATBA). Other members of INATBA include Accenture, Accord Project, Alastria,Banco Santander, BBVA, Consensys, Enterprise Ethereum Alliance, Fujitsu, IOTA, Ledger, SAP, SIA, Swift, Telefonica, We.Trade and many more. INATBA is a collaboration of 26 EU countries to develop EU blockchain regulation and prepare the launch of EU-wide blockchain applications

Pay.UK

  • Quant Network accepted as a company guarantor of Pay.UK, the UK’s largest payment network, alongside banks and other FinTech companies
  • Through this relationship, Quant Network will shape the payment ecosystem to promote competition, innovation and openness, as well as setting the strategic direction of the Payments infrastructure and adopting the New Payments Architecture (NPA).
https://preview.redd.it/e6v2eqom4pn31.png?width=438&format=png&auto=webp&s=87de79c1bf4a7a3207b5f9f17ee496da94662f54
You can read more about it here and here
https://preview.redd.it/10okaogo4pn31.png?width=1454&format=png&auto=webp&s=99f7696dd6994b74960d2d017cb06d97304221a4

MOBI

  • consortium for blockchain innovation in the mobility industry. The consortium was founded by leading automakers including Renault, Ford, GM, and BMW, and now represents more than 80 percent of global auto manufacturing by volume. Other members include Bosch, IBM, Cognizant, Accenture, Consensys, IOTA, R3, VeChain, Hyperledger, Ocean Protocol and Honda (Full list can be seen here)
  • Overledger operating system will enable interconnectivity and interoperability of data between manufacturers, devices, transportation and autonomous vehicles
https://preview.redd.it/9e6tfv9q4pn31.png?width=1138&format=png&auto=webp&s=29956ae26b72c0bae6d55c63945108e7a8dd2e0b

Hyperledger

  • Quant Network has joined Hyperledger where more than 270 organisations are now contributing to the growth of Hyperledger’s open source distributed ledger frameworks and tools. Some of the companies involved are Accentrue, Airbus, American Express, Baidu, Cisco, Deutsche Bank, DTCC, Fujitsu, Hitachi, IBM, Intel, J.P.Morgan, SAP, BBVA, Bosch, Deloitte, Fedex, Huawei, Lenovo, NTT Data, Oracle, PWC, R3, Ripple, Samsung, We.trade, Bank of England, Enterprise Ethereum Alliance, Federal Reserve, MOBI etc. Full list of members can be seen here.
  • Working with the Hyperledger Quilt team to enhance Blockchain Interoperability capability for Hyperledger members

Accord Project

  • The Accord Project is the organization for the development of techno-legal standards for smart legal contracts and distributed ledger applications in the legal industry
  • The Project operates in collaboration with IEEE, the International Association for Contract and Commercial Management, Hyperledger, R3, Decentralized Identity Foundation, and a number of leading trade associations, industry and standards organizations, and world leading law firms.
  • Quant Network have joined the Accord Project and are providing the Technology with Overledger and Treaty Contracts.
https://preview.redd.it/9o790gjs4pn31.png?width=1086&format=png&auto=webp&s=a5475b58acef6e9544236f2adcc6b6fb760c49e2

As well as many being worked on and yet to be publicly announced:

HCL Technologies

  • Indian Multinational IT Service and consulting company with offices in 44 countries and 137,000+ employees
  • Among the top 20 largest publicly traded companies in India with a market cap of $18.7 Billion and revenue of $9 billion.
  • Customers include 250 of the Fortune 500 and 650 of the Global 2000 companies.
we are really looking at ASIA, especially around Singapore, Hong Kong and we are working with partners to go there, just yesterday we had a meeting with a $8 billion company based in the ASIA region and they want to use Overledger for their clients and they are going to help us expand to that region, once we partner with the right bigger players
https://youtu.be/G1b9TX6rcuI
https://preview.redd.it/ac3f0yjv4pn31.png?width=827&format=png&auto=webp&s=dc1bfde0a476ee6ffbcb15284236dbb5d9d508e9

2 of the Big 4 Global Consultancy Firms are taking Quant Network’s Overledger to their clients.

The Big 4 Global Consultancy firms are huge and consist of Deloitte, PwC, EY and KPMG. They offer a range of services from offering consultancy advice on what to use, assisted prototyping right through to the delivery of production-ready enterprise solutions. Previously Gilbert was the Director of Cybersecurity at PwC and a Senior Manager of Security at EY plus Lara Verdian was the director for Deloitte Access Economics at Deloitte.
https://preview.redd.it/2hklfapx4pn31.png?width=697&format=png&auto=webp&s=d8181a12c888de00f4cbc6a4ff639697acc4deee
Quant Network are currently working with 2 of the above 4 global consultancy firms who are taking Overledger to their clients.

As well as many other consultancy firms:
https://preview.redd.it/usoyx5b15pn31.png?width=1215&format=png&auto=webp&s=a60b243d74e50dbc97ada380001f6f9396c8bb5b

Quant Health

  • Quant are working the Government of Armenia in Health, futureproofing the eHealth Strategy with Blockchain
https://preview.redd.it/7wkjbb045pn31.png?width=429&format=png&auto=webp&s=440f568ecb1ce8f587552e2e196b357c21f5592d
  • Working with huge Conglomerates to establish a new consortium in Healthcare
https://preview.redd.it/fbvia5r65pn31.png?width=1395&format=png&auto=webp&s=dfe009348deedb06844970d11d4b6a0d7e768ab1

Exchanges

They are also in talks with Traditional Exchanges such as the Swiss Stock Exchange SDX Platform and others as well as Large asset management firms
https://preview.redd.it/cn3ylk295pn31.png?width=1254&format=png&auto=webp&s=1b24c2088383aa5438b9d97bd54c34867b1cb137
As well as various Governments including the Australian Treasury with DATA61 regarding open banking and consumer data rights, the UK’s HMRC, Central Banks, Global companies in Korea, Insurance Companies, Airlines and Logistic companies.
https://preview.redd.it/t35ctv3b5pn31.png?width=1237&format=png&auto=webp&s=311762c9dbdc2755001b9b1a426dbe0206105574
It’s truly remarkable what they have achieved in such a short space of time, working non-stop all around the globe, working with enormous Global organisations, Leading Financial Institutions, Governments and Health. Quant Network is enabling the mass adoption of Blockchain, bridging all blockchains and offchain networks together (as well as plans to connect directly to the Internet) to achieve the true potential of this revolutionary technology.
In the last article of this mini-series I will take a closer look at the tokenomics of the QNT token and why there isn’t another utility token with as much value as QNT. With a tiny total supply of just 14.6 million QNT tokens, with no inflation, Supply reducing further as tokens are taken out circulation with licensing and strong demand / usage for the token, as well as minimum QNT holdings for wallets to benefit from Universal Interoperability.
Part One — Blockchain Fundamentals
Part Two — The Layers Of Overledger
Part Three — TrustTag and the Tokenisation of data
Part Four — Features Overledger provides to MAPPs
Part Five — Creating the Standards for Interoperability
Part Six — The Team behind Overledger and Partners
Part Seven — The QNT Token
Part Eight — Enabling Enterprise Mass Adoption
Quant Network Enabling Mass Adoption of Blockchain at a Rapid Pace
Quant Network Partner with SIA, A Game Changer for Mass Blockchain Adoption by Financial Institutions
Part One of this mini Series — What is a blockchain operating system and what are the benefits? Introducing Overledger from Quant Network
Wall Street 2.0: How Blockchain will revolutionise Wall Street and a closer look at Quant Network’s Partnership with AX Trading
submitted by xSeq22x to QuantNetwork [link] [comments]

Why Governments Can Never Stop Crypto

Why Governments Can Never Stop Crypto
Trouble is, these crypto skeptics ignore the actual, on-the-ground consequences of such “bans” and how easily they can backfire.
Let’s take a quick round-the-world tour, and I’ll show you exactly what I mean. And yes, we can start in Beijing.
Back in 2017, the Chinese authorities didn’t pussyfoot around. They went straight for the jugular — the cryptocurrency exchanges.
That made sense, or so they thought. Exchanges are formal companies that need to be compliant with the regulatory framework of the countries where they operate.
But here’s the big all-important factoid that Beijing seems to have missed: For a population to adopt cryptocurrencies, they don’t need exchanges.
https://preview.redd.it/286kb3e063x31.jpg?width=496&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=1c0d94b90b9d8bab7d22f18f88d265d5e05e6a36
Are exchanges convenient? Yes.
A dire necessity? No
In fact, as I’ll explain in a moment, they are just one of the ways you can exchange your government-sponsored fiat money into cryptocurrency.
Then, once you’ve completed that initial trade, you’re up in crypto-space. You can teleport your money anywhere you want. Your transactions are almost entirely outside the regulatory reach of any country on Earth.
This doesn’t mean cryptocurrencies live in a Martian No Man’s Land. They do follow a set of bylaws. The difference is, they’re not the edicts or directives by any central authority. Instead …
The only rules that apply to a public distributed ledger are the rules of consensus that exist within its network. Nothing else.
In the parlance of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission or Commodity Futures Trading Commission, you might say that cryptocurrency networks are intensely rigorous — but amorphous — self-regulatory organizations.
So, what was the net effect of the so-called “China ban” on cryptocurrencies?
Beijing was unable to outlaw the possession of crypto assets; it’s almost impossible to even track down who owns what where.
They understood this. So, they didn’t even try.
Reason: By their very design, cryptocurrency networks are anonymous.
Or, they’re at least pseudonymous. In other words, although each account and the amount held is public information, it’s not possible to directly tie the ownership of these accounts to any one individual.
Meanwhile, despite the “ban,” China has turned bullish on blockchain.
Last week, President Xi Jinping declared that China must “seize the opportunity” created by blockchain, and that it will play “an important role in the next round of technological innovation and industrial transformation.” And this week, China’s Communist Party is taking a series of steps to follow through.
It underscores the reality that Chinese citizens are still very active trading crypto assets, despite the fact that the “ban” has been in force for over two years.
This is not to say that banning exchanges has no effect whatsoever. Though said effect is limited. If established exchanges are not available, people simply move to specialized social media sites and similar applications.
Consider websites like LocalBitcoins.com, a peer-to-peer trading marketplace, for example.
These sites provide a framework to ...
  • Agree on terms and ...
  • Reduce the risk that either side will run off with the money.
In areas where cryptocurrency trading is officially “banned,” these kinds of platforms merely transform into de-facto over-the-counter (OTC) exchanges.
To put it simply:
So far, the only significant effect of crypto bans has been to drive some traders to OTC (over-the-counter) trading platforms.
And it’s not just China. Similar crypto bans in countries like Venezuela and Zimbabwe have accomplished little beyond making these platforms that much more popular.
Can governments shut down these as well? That would very difficult.
The parties meet anywhere — at a café, outside a bank, on a park bench. They agree to the terms. The fiat portion of the trade is carried out. And once the buyer has transferred the fiat via bank transfer (or even in cash), the seller releases the crypto.
Plus, for additional safety, both the fiat and the crypto can be locked in an escrow account under a smart contract.

Where crypto trading is literally on the street

Does it work? Absolutely! I know because I’ve personally done these over-the-counter trades.
My experience isn’t from a place where crypto is banned, but rather with a government that’s on the brink of default.
As the authorities struggle to make ends meet and keep the lights on, they resort to draconian measures.
That takes us to the next stop on our tour: Argentina, where the government has imposed a whopping 33% tax on international transactions.
Think about that. It means that every time you want to use the banking system to get your money out of the country, the government takes nearly a one-third cut.
Maybe you want to make an online purchase of an airline ticket from a foreign carrier.
Or perhaps you just want to buy the latest smartphone not yet offered in local stores.
It doesn’t matter. If the money leaves Argentina, you pay the tax.
Or, consider the plight of businesspeople …
My father, for example, does business with companies based in Argentina. Whenever he brings the money home, the one-third tax is the equivalent of a massive confiscation.
All with practically zero hope it will end anytime soon!
For him, the only chance to get his money out of the country is to get some Bitcoin.
So to give him a hand, I went to Argentina to see how hard it would be to locate someone trading pesos for Bitcoin. As it turned out, not only did I find individuals, but I also found local dealers.
“If you want to buy Bitcoin,” said one, “you pay us 15% over market. If you want to sell, we pay you at least 10% over market.”
I did even better than the 10%. Bitcoin was selling for about USD 6,000 at the time, and I got between USD 6,800 and USD 7,000. The people I dealt with told me they’d buy as much crypto as I could lay my hands on.
The crypto dealers’ business model makes a lot of sense, and it’s in big demand.
They have high-net-worth clients looking to get their money out of the country. In big amounts and FAST.
So, the dealers keep a healthy stash of cryptocurrency on hand, offering their customers the ability to get their money out of the country while bypassing the banking system. Instead of paying the government’s outrageous 33% tax, the customers are glad to pay the dealer his 15%.
This a big change from the capital-control powers governments used to have just a few years ago!
Back then, when countries imposed capital controls, they could ban black-market dealers and throw them in jail.
Businesspeople would dress like hippies, stuff their backpacks with currency and try walking across the border. But border agents caught them frequently, and the controls were often effective.
Not now! Not in the crypto age!
The flight to Bitcoin in Argentina is the same thing that’s happening in nearly every country that has tried to impose currency controls.
Argentina’s national currency is down 50% against the greenback just in the past year. And now, the same folks who helped cause the crisis have just been voted back into office.
So, no matter what governments do or don’t do, you can see why crypto assets like Bitcoin are the only chance citizens in these countries have to protect their wealth.
At the end of the day, what do governments accomplish with bans or draconian controls?
They help to increase awareness of cryptocurrencies. They’re making crypto more popular.
submitted by dwoinik to u/dwoinik [link] [comments]

Chris Lemuel former VP at Goldman Sach joins the TAP TEAM: AMA

Who is Chris?
Christopher Lemuel is our new CFO that joined the TAP Team after 5.5 years in the Financial Services industry. He worked as a VP with Goldman Sachs for the last 2 and a half years. Prior to his career in Finance, Chris spent nearly 9 years in the active-duty Army after his Commissioning from West Point.
Chris brings his unique perspective and experience from Goldman Sachs to help make TAP a force in the reward redemptions and advertising industry. With Chris in his new position, TAP will be uniquely positioned to deliver both consumers and advertisers cutting edge features and initiatives that competitors, without the benefit of Chris’s experience, cannot deliver. Chris envisions a platform that is best in class when it comes to cutting inefficiencies - meaning customers should see advertisements they want and care about, and advertisers should be getting their ads delivered to the appropriate targets. When this happens, both parties win!
The set of questions were picked from our Telegram community. We could not take every question, but we want to thank everyone for participating and congratulations to the members whose questions were picked. Chris has answered them below.
QUESTIONS:
What got you interested in cryptocurrency? Are cryptocurrency projects something that can fundamentally change the world?
I had a number of colleagues and friends who were actively trading - mostly BTC/ETH and conversations with them and why they were trading sparked my initial interest. One friend, in particular, had a background in distributed computing and we chatted at length about the potential benefits and drawbacks of crypto/DLT/etc.
The latter half of the question is difficult to answer. Given the number of enterprise projects around "Blockchain", you can argue that there is potential to alter the way many fundamental processes are managed on a day to day basis- whether that is supply chain management across the logistics spectrum or trade settlement in Finance, I think it is safe to say that there are serious efforts underway to fundamentally re-engineer some of the more complex process management protocols regularly used across almost every industry today. Whether or not that constitutes fundamentally changing the world I'll leave up to the reader.
What is the view of some of your colleagues at Goldman regarding cryptocurrency? Did they see the potential right away or did they take a wait and see approach?
I can't speak for my former GS colleagues but I think based on recent hires and public statements made by the Firm's leadership, they definitely see potential around the technology and I would argue they were fairly early as well. From a practical perspective, the implementation of any new technology is a non-trivial event for any large enterprise. People underestimate the scale and scope of what Banks manage on a day to day basis and the precision with which they manage these complex operations.
Simply ripping something out that works well, and manages millions of transactions representing billions in risk on a daily basis -- without absolute certainty that the new system works -- is simply not an option. Additionally, many of the processes Banks manage involve customers and partner organizations for validation and settlement, so Banks and similar enterprises will only be able to evolve as quickly as their customepartner base is able to evolve and adopt new tech.
Why Hooch, there are 1000s of projects out there, why is this the one that caused you to think, "I need to be involved?"
After sitting with the Team at Hooch /TAP Network and looking a bit deeper into what they were doing I found that the product and what it was evolving toward was something I both understood and could see enterprise partners adopting. What was particularly appealing was that for many/most of Hooch / TAP's customers, our product will be the first time they have implemented a digital Rewards/Loyalty program - we are not fighting to displace existing tech, which is a much easier value proposition for clients.
Can traditional financial networks and cryptocurrency coexist, or will there always be friction between cryptocurrency and more well known financial products?
I think the bigger question is can non-central bank-issued currencies co-exist with central bank currencies. Based on what we are currently seeing- I would say the answer is yes. Whether that is the case for the long run remains to be seen. From a practical perspective, I do not see regulated entities- Banks, Insurers, Pension Funds, etc dealing with cryptocurrencies - their barriers to doing so are too high and the risks associated with getting engagement with Cryptos wrong are much higher than the rewards are for getting it right.
What is the end game of Hooch/TapCoin, is it just going to be a reward coin/advertising and if so, what sets it apart from other companies that aren't using blockchain?
The end game is interoperability of "rewards/loyalty" points within the merchant ecosystem. I think you are starting to see more and more traditional loyalty program operators opening up their ecosystems to this idea. Nominally, most people who have major airline, hotel, or credit card are seeing a form of this as the threshold for redemption continues to go down and the array of brand partners available to redeem with continues to climb. Ultimately, we can see our product/ecosystem potentially working with a stablecoin that has gained widespread adoption from merchants/consumers and providing cash-like transaction value to the consumer across nearly all participating merchants. We use DLT technology to mask our users’ personally identifying information while allowing them to share their transaction data with merchants/brands that they are interested in receiving offers from. The "Opt-In" component of this is non-trivial from a consumer experience perspective-it assigns control of the data to the consumer. The end goal is for our partners to get their message out and for the customers to actually see ads and content that is relevant and engaging to them.
Any updates or opinions on the Brave Partnership, and how do you feel about the partnership, was it a factor in you joining up?
I am a big fan of what the team at Brave are building and am a user of both their desktop and mobile browser. I don't think you have to be a crypto evangelist or privacy maximalist to appreciate the product they have built- to me, they've built a better browsing experience for the user. We have some exciting developments underway with the Brave Team and I look forward to sharing them as soon as we are able to.
What skills that you have acquired over your career do you think is most valuable for your foray into cryptocurrency?
It isn't a skillset but I've had the good fortune of being able to see the impact that technology has had on large organizations/enterprises from both my time in the military and in finance and at a level where I've had to deal with the implementational complexities of integrating these technologies into everyday operations. From these vantage points I've learned that if you want to implement change you have to learn every detail of any system you are looking to remove/update/overhaul to include any linked/contingent processes that touch that system. Any gaps in your knowledge will quickly be filled by angry phone calls from people who were relying on what you just turned off- you'll be lucky if you only end up with angry phone calls too. The other bit I've learned is that any change worth implementing is going to be a difficult and long process.
When did you first become interested in crypto, and what is the impression now of crypto among your peers and friends in the financial industry?
I probably started paying serious attention in late 2014. I had a few colleagues that were exploring the space- I considered them pretty forward-thinking so I followed suit. From there, my interest and engagement in the space grew and evolved and as my understanding grew, my thoughts on the space evolved into what I consider a fairly mainstream opinion- DLT/Blockchain/etc has potential and if you can provide a reasonable value proposition for the user, you have the potential to actually do something interesting. I think opinions among people in financial services vary broadly, but if I were to generalize, I first would delineate between cryptocurrencies and the related technologies versus rolling them up into one catch-all. You'll find more skepticism around currencies and more optimism around DLT/Blockchain.
There are still a lot of scams and problems in crypto. Do you think we will need to move in the direction blockchain along with big corporations administering any coins (e.g. facebook libra) or is the dream of decentralization still possible?
My belief is that you are likely to see more centralization than decentralization in crypto terms but I think you will see more decentralization in finance via "consensus" or "distributed compute" processes in the future. It's probably an unsatisfactory explanation for the decentralization maximalists but I'd argue it's still decentralization.
Any crazy or interesting stories about crypto or from where you used to work that you can tell us?
Honestly, there wasn't anything really too wild or crazy from my time in finance. Maybe I just didn't get invited to the right parties.
How did you meet Lin, and what do you think sets him apart from other CEOS of startups?
I was introduced to Lin through a mutual friend. What separated him from the start was the mix of success he had as both an entrepreneur and as an executive inside of established Media companies- he understood the challenges facing him from the start and it made him a compelling partner to work with on this project.
What does the future look like, mostly blockchain, or the products we use today remain the trend for the major economies?
I believe you'll see more blockchain-like technologies adopted in the future for a variety of different purposes but they'll probably exist in the background powering processes that are unnoticed by the end-user.
What do you think about citizens in turbulent economies (central and south America) using crypto like bitcoin and ether to get what they need instead of more traditional means such as cash and credit? Do you see that as a good thing generally in a bad situation?
It is an interesting development and clearly a good thing in a bad situation- people accessing goods and services that they need but were previously cut off from due to local currency challenges. I think it will be interesting to see if the short term necessity results in longer term and more widespread adoption of ETH/BTC/etc as a medium of exchange in these impacted economies.
submitted by esisenore to TapcoinHooch [link] [comments]

Beginners Introduction Guide for Pundi X

Beginners Introduction Guide for Pundi X
https://pundix.com
https://i.redd.it/ad9tfd3rjpi21.jpg Executive Summary;
Pundi X’s mission is to make buying crypto currency as easy as buying bottled water. As the Walmart and 7-Eleven of crypto currency, we want users to buy and use crypto currency anytime anywhere. Pundi X a leading Singaporean-based blockchain company recently ranked by KPMG as one of the world’s “Emerging 50” firms that are at the forefront of innovative technologies and practices in its 2018 Fintech100 report of Leading Global Fintech Innovators. We have a product poised for mass adoption infrastructure, where consumers can buy and sell crypto at any participating retailer and spend their crypto. For every transaction, through the XPOS (which is a point of sales) machine, there will be a token burn coming. Token burns mean reduced supply over time. The more machines in outlets and more people using crypto means supply will decrease, therefore the demand will increase. Pundi X will not be an erc20 token for long, Pundi X is creating its own blockchain called the f(x) blockchain.
https://i.redd.it/z3mp6tfp1qi21.jpg - Instant transactions worldwide 24/7. - No monthly charges or any hidden fees. - Merchants will receive revenue back, a whopping 65% from the total transaction fee, on every single Crypto related transactions. - Consumers can readily buy/sell Crypto currencies straight from the actual XPOS device. - No Banks needed, hence serving the un-banked and the under-banked population. - Merchants can receive payment in their local fiat to avoid Crypto fluctuations. - Supports Mobile payments, NFC, QR Code and all current traditional payments. - The POS can setup your inventory, loyalty programs, ads, and print smart receipts. - Avoid high Visa/MasterCard/Credit Card fees using XPOS solutions.
Statistics;
  • 5,500 XPOS Dispatched already to 25 countries.
  • Tested over a two day period in the Historical first ever crypto mass event with "Ultra Taiwan Music Festival" with 30,000 + attendees, went flawlessly, (see videos on Pundix Official YouTube Channel).
  • 300,000 XPASS dispatched.
  • 60,000 + Transactions over the XPOS.
  • 20 + Top Crypto Exchanges.
  • 45 + Events attended.
  • 150 + Team members.
  • 7 Head Offices globally.
All Partnerships (so far):
Major Partners: -American Chamber of Commerce Korea, AMCHAM is the largest foreign chamber in Korea with around 1,800 individual members from almost 900 member companies with diverse interests and substantial participation in the Korean economy. Their partners includes, MacDonald’s, Star Bucks, Hyundai, United Airlines, Citi, Hawaiian Airlines, MetLife, Ford, Honeywell, Johnson & Johnson, Bayer, Cisco, HUB, Nike, Oracle, Kelly, Philip Morris, Hyosung, Cigna, Kim & Change, Pfizer Korea, and many more, see link below; http://www.amchamkorea.org/?ckattempt=3
-Ebooc (Government UEA) Ebooc and Pundi X will provide several other applications for consumers such as making retail payments; paying for government services, fees and fines; utilities and bills; telecommunication bills and school fees on POS devices running a stable, digital equivalent of traditional fiat currencies in the region. The move brings our world-leading, blockchain-based XPOS technology, XPASS card and e-wallet to the Gulf, Middle East and North Africa region for the first time with Ebooc as the official partner under the terms of a strategic partnership agreement as executed. Additional Back information about the Founder of Ebooc: Entrepreneur & Senior UAE Government Official with deep Government experience of over 20 years. From his current role as Assistant Undersecretary, Industrial Development Sector at Ministry of Economy, UAE, Abdalla has been able to participate in policy-making and planning strategy for ministry of Economy and oversee the operations and major projects within the industrial sector. Developing action plans and programs for the industrial sector, overall supervision of the industrial licenses issued by the ministry, General supervision of Institutions Support Department, which specializes in conducting necessary studies for the development of industrial exports. Regulations and specifications of Foreign Affairs in coordination with stakeholders Prior to this was the CEO strategic planning & affairs at Emirates Post Group was on the Board of Directors of Wall Street Exchange Chairman of the Executive Committee ; Vice Chairman of the Emirates Marketing & Promotion Corp. Board Member of the Emirates Courier Services – Empost. https://medium.com/pundix/ann-pundi-x-technology-to-debut-in-the-gulf-and-middle-east-5b7651b4bd14
-Ubivelox, they have become an international innovator in the development of smart cards, mobile communications and blockchain (ranked 6th largest in the world). The two companies will work together on XPOS and XPASS technology development, security and market deployment, which will not only facilitate the promotion of Pundi X in Korea, but also help accelerate the layout in the global market. https://medium.com/pundix/%E9%9F%A9%E5%9B%BD%E4%B8%8A%E5%B8%82%E5%85%AC%E5%8F%B8ubivelox%E4%B8%8Epundi-x%E5%BB%BA%E7%AB%8B%E6%88%98%E7%95%A5%E5%90%88%E4%BD%9C%E4%BC%99%E4%BC%B4%E5%85%B3%E7%B3%BB-91f3665f0ae9
Why Pundi XPOS;
Pundi XPOS not only facilitates cryptocurrency payment or transactions but also accepts transactions through mobile wallets and traditional bank cards. Our POS solution can support retail intelligence, inventory management, order management, marketing and loyalty programs. Pundi XPOS device is an all-in-one solution for retailers. https://i.redd.it/qj6sbsfaeqi21.jpg • Accept cryptocurrency as payment • Intelligence clearing system to increase the value of the store properties • Selling and buying crypto currencies • Support BTC, ETH, NPXS, BNB, XEM, QTUM, XVG, ACT, LTC, DGD, XLM and more crypto currencies. • Support cryptocurrency payment card, such as Pundi XPASS card. • Support mobile payment apps, such as Alipay, Visa, Mastercard, ApplePay, E2Pay, Go-Pay, Pundi-Pundi, and WeChat Pay. • Support cryptocurrency wallet payment, such as Qbao, X Wallet, Nem Wallet and more. • Establish credit history and reduce financial risks • Provide a gateway for financial service providers • Support loyalty / membership management system • Support promotional and NPXS reward system • Support 3rd party delivery and logistic service providers
Additional factors; - Instant Transactions - XPOS transactions happen instantly at less than 0.5 seconds. No delays. Just pay and go.
  • Fiat Settlement without Volatility - To avoid any volatility risk, merchants will receive their settlement in fiat money.
  • Work Easily With XPASS & XWallet - The XPASS card is an easy-to-use tap card for crypto beginners. Top it up with your preferred cryptocurrency and pay with ease. You can also pair your XPASS card onto the XWallet mobile app and use it with the XPOS.
  • Support Multiple Cryptocurrencies - The XPOS is cryptocurrency-neutral, so you can transact with your favorite coins or tokens like BTC, ETH, BNB, NPXS, etc.
  • Buy Cryptocurrency With Ease - In addition to making payment, customers can purchase cryptocurrency like Bitcoin from the XPOS with ease. The experience is as easy as buying a cup of coffee.
  • Merchants get back 0.65% of the total fee for every crypto transactions.
Please see the Medium reports for more details on all developments to date: https://medium.com/@PundiXLabs
XPOS Order Form; https://goo.gl/forms/yxSRHlK99h3xHF3N2 XPASS Card Order Form; https://forms.monday.com/forms/088c80c8f7e4f1ba13816312097ddcd3
XWallet;
The XWallet mobile app connects regular digital asset wallets with the Pundi X payment ecosystem. It allows users to easily make payments in physical stores via the XPOS & e-commerce using our "Collect" feature of the app.
https://i.redd.it/j5kcce6vtqi21.jpg
The XWallet can also be paired with the XPASS, making it a digital payment app that can be used anytime, anywhere. To download App for Android or ISO see below and to see a built-in guide for merchants and users guide are within the actual XWallet App or here: https://xwallet.pundix.com/
Merchants Collect Feature (e-commerce);
  1. Submit an XWallet Merchant application via the app and once the application gets approved, then your “Collect” page would be marked with “Pundi X verified merchant”.
  2. You can open the XWallet app, then show the QR code on “Collect” page for customers to scan and pay;
  3. You can also tap “Save” on “Collect” page to download your QR code as a picture, print it out, and place it by the checkstand for customers to scan and pay. This would be a more convenient way to collect payments.
  4. Collected cryptocurrency assets would go directly to the XWallet Merchant’s Virtual Card account.
My actual QR code, scan to see UI on XWallet.
This is a powerful tool for e-commerce's to upload their QR Code on websites payout section. Sending any supported currencies on the X Wallet is accepted by one single QR Code, such as the above.
XPass Cards;
You can easily manage your digital assets, check your current balance, or top-up in the XWallet. By default, each user will have a virtual XPASS card in the app. You can also pair your XWallet with your Pundi XPASS card to make payments directly from the app when needed. If you lose the XPASS card, you can transfer all your tokens from the XPASS card to the XWallet app or to another XPASS card.
https://i.redd.it/g0fcksz3oqi21.jpg
Instant Payments Online or Offline;
Transactions via an internet-connected XWallet or XPASS can be processed immediately, while offline transactions can be made by scanning the QR code, which will later be uploaded onto the blockchain. The XWallet, in short, keeps up with your busy lifestyle.
How to top up your XWallet from other wallets; • Select the ‘Card’ icon and choose the virtual card. • Select the type of currency you want to top up. • Tap on the ‘Receive’ icon and choose ‘View address’. • Copy the top-up address or scan the QR code. • On your other wallet, choose the correct type of cryptocurrency and insert the XWallet top-up address to make the transfer. (Note: The speed of transferring tokens from other wallets to the XWallet app varies, depending on their relevant blockchain network conditions. To make instant payment transaction at any XPOS merchant, we recommend users top up their XWallet account from other wallets at least 6 hours before using the app.).
XPASS Card Order; https://forms.monday.com/forms/088c80c8f7e4f1ba13816312097ddcd3
Payment solutions;
Visa, MasterCard, Apple Pay, Samsung, American Express, BNB, LTC, XVG, NPXS, E2Pay.co.Id, Alipay, M-bayar, Go Pay, WeChat, Xpos Consortium, Ubivelox, XPOT and many more. Distributors; Manticora Capital, Bit Captial, Ubivelox, BlockPay and more to follow. Blockchain; NEM, UTrust, GGOX, Verime, Wanchain, Stella, Genaro Network. More to follow.
Burning of NPXS;
A quick summary of Pundi X token’s utility on each and every transaction: 1. A bit of it is burnt for every crypto related transaction that happens in through our XPOS. 2. The token is used to list other tokens in our XPOS, for example, QTUM paid us a sum of NPXS to be listed later in our XPOS, and this will include future coins that will be listed in our XPOS. 3. Loyalty programs are made & paid with NPXS. 4. Ads that run through our XPOS are also paid in NPXS. 5. Future products will be paid with NPXS. 6. Claim goods and services from merchants.
The XPOS is comprised of two parts, the consumer and merchant.
The Point of Sale device (XPOS);
For the merchants; 1. You get 1% extra as a fee. You can set it up from 0-3%, but we recommend 1% fee. 2. You can sell crypto again with that 1% fee. 3. You can sell the XPASS cards. 4. The POS can setup your inventory, loyalty programs, ads, and print smart receipts. 5. You can accept crypto, again the 1% fee. 6. You will be one of the first to change how the world uses crypto.
For the XPASS holders; 1. They can liquidate their crypto assets through our merchants, hassle free. 2. They get a special discount. 3. If you lose the XPASS black card, we are able to recover it (as long as you have the security card).
Case study of fees;
▪ 100% of Pundi X’s revenue that is generated through transactions on the XPOS will be removed permanently from our NPXS token circulation (and that's called token burn). This means that if Pundi X makes $1 of revenue from a transaction, they will take $1 worth of NPXS out of circulation permanently. NPXS tokens taken out of circulation will never be able to re-enter the circulation in any way as they will no longer exist.
▪ if the transaction is made in Pundi X tokens, we will take the tokens immediately out of the total supply. If the transaction is made in other tokens or fiat, we will use the proceeds to buyback NPXS, after which we will permanently remove the NPXS tokens from circulation and ensure they can never re-enter circulation.
▪ In case of a fiat to crypto transaction (including a payment with mastercard/visa) NPXS will be also burned.
▪ Case study 1: a user buys $1,000 worth of crypto from a merchant in a store using Pundi XPASS card. The total charge a user has to pay is $1,010; $1,000 for the crypto and $10 for the service fees. Of the $10 received, $6.50 is paid to the shop merchant for rendering this service. $3.50 is paid to Pundi X for providing XPOS (switch) and XPASS (Issuer) service.
Function X Blockchain – A game Changer:
https://i.redd.it/5ibzoexntpi21.jpg
The f(x) (short for Function X) blockchain under current test environments, each XPOS is an f(x) node; all data from the XPOS will be fully encrypted and stored in f(x) low level IPFS. Our IPFS is one that is specially designed for XPOS, f(x) and other smart devices. The f(x) public ledger will record all transactions, and the chain deploys sharding and PBFT. At Pundi X, we believe that open source is the way to go and to strengthen the blockchain community. We will gradually enable all of our operating system and f(x) chain’s code to be open source. It will be free for all Dapp software and hardware manufacturers to develop products for the f(x) ecosystem, hence achieving true decentralization. Let’s all work together and re-engineer a decentralized world.
10x for Speed; Visa can run 7,000–20,000 transactions-per-second (“TPS”). Any blockchain that offers small multiples of speed improvement is unlikely to displaced a tried-and-tested system like Visa. A 10X increase means 200,000K TPS has to be achieved. Our upcoming blockchain called Function X (fx for short), we have to make sure we are comparable if not faster, at 10X it is at least 200,000 TPS, not just on paper, but in real application. Sharding depends heavily on the availability of nodes. Confirmation processes increase by an order of magnitude when you increase node counts, we are already deploying the XPOS which will act as nodes.
10x for Scaling; Scalability in a restaurant means how fast can you serve your meals, the faster you can scale, the more business you can have. Therefore, companies like McDonald’s spend a lot of effort shortening the time between ordering and checkout to serve its customers. Scalability in blockchain is similar: it depends on the code (how fast can the burgers be flipped) and also nodes (how many cashiers can confirm the order). So whose code is the best? We will only know when proven. And what about nodes? The blockchain with the largest nodes will prevail. Currently Ethereum has the most nodes, but maybe not for long.
10x for Consensus; And what about nodes? The blockchain with the largest nodes will prevail. Currently Ethereum has the most nodes, but maybe not for long. With our minimum plan to roll out 100,000 XPOS in three years, we will be able to scale up transaction numbers significantly as the number of XPOS devices increases. Can we do much more than 200,000 TPS? Let’s analyze: Sharding is a process of dividing a global network into pieces of a local network. Each local network would then take charge of two-thirds consensus so that a particular transaction is verified in the local network and then broadcast to the global network.
Five Pillars of Function X Blockchain;
  1. Fx Operation System - (ROM) Android-modified blockchain-enabled operating system. Users can switch seamlessly between fx blockchain and regular everyday android mode.
  2. FXTP - (Web Protocol). Decentralized transmission protocol (P2P) and similar to https.
  3. Docker - Open Source platform for developers to build, ship, and run distributed applications (DApps).
  4. IPFS - Storage of various contents.
  5. Public Blockchain - A High performance and secure public blockchain.
More details here; The Road ahead: https://medium.com/pundix/f-x-%EC%95%9E%EC%9C%BC%EB%A1%9C-%EA%B0%80%EC%95%BC%ED%95%A0-%EA%B8%B8-cb258f0e397c
The Blok-on-Blok (Smartphone);
The Blok-on-Blok (BOB), and the first true blockchain phone call, we demonstrated to thousands that we had a new protocol for communication that could take blockchain beyond the world of financial transfers. The BOB is powered by Function X OS which is based off the Android OS 9.0, so there is a backward compatibility with any Android apps. Blockchain-based calling and messaging can be toggled on and off on the phone operating system, which builds upon Android 9.0. On the blockchain mode, the services in the BOB can operate completely independently of centralized carriers. Users can route phone calls, messages, and data via blockchain nodes without the need for centralized service providers. The BOB is in fact the first mobile phone that can run completely on a decentralized ecosystem powering telephony, messaging, and data transmission. The BOB itself significantly expands the use of blockchain technology beyond financial transfers. Every BOB Phone is also a node on the network to contribute to the operation of the blockchain ecosystem. Content and connectivity are organized in a distributed, node-to-node manner. https://i.redd.it/ne3iufycqqi21.png
  • Every device in the Function X ecosystem will be a node and each will have its own address and private key, uniquely linked to their node names, not unlike traditional URL and IP addresses.
  • The OS can be overlayed to any existing Android devices without any compromises and compliment as a node to the function X blockchain.
  • Using a new DApp published on Function X, Zac hailed a New York City cabbie from midtown Manhattan to Central Park via a smart contract executed on Function X. The taxi order was both conducted and recorded on-chain and by-passing any ride-hailing service via BOB.
  • In the browser, you may browse the traditional Internet via HTTP or use the blockchain Internet via FXTP.
  • In f(x) OS, users are able to switch seamlessly between two modes. The blockchain mode allows a user to be connected to the blockchain - everything which you do in this mode like texting, calling, taking photos, browsing, etc. will be transmitted via the blockchain. In the traditional mode, it is like any other Android phone.
  • You can develop DApps for X Play Store and regular apps for Google Play Store. Note: Final design and specs are subject to change.
The FX blockchain: Giving data control back to users and creators. “What this all means is that data control can and must be given back to users,” said Pundi X Founder and CEO Zac Cheah.
“Telecommunications and Internet companies have derived tremendous value from controlling data. By decentralizing apps, we can put this data onto a smart contract, effectively giving control back to creators and to users”.
“Much of what we call peer-to-peer or ‘decentralized’ services continue to be built upon centralized networks. We are changing that,” added Cheah.
Mobile devices as nodes;
“Scalability in blockchain is derived from the number and geographic spread of nodes. It is clear how achieving a critical mass in terms of scale will require something with a high utility for people. The BOB thus has the potential to establish a large global pool of nodes,” said Pitt Huang, co-founder and CTO of Pundi X.
“And with Function X offering people the choice to be independent of a centralized communications network we’ve created a new use, a high and universal utility for blockchain. In turn, this will give life to a network large enough to support better scale, throughput, and new potential applications, plus true decentralization that has so far eluded blockchain.”
YouTube in-depth close up videos; 1. Introduction to BOB phone - Part 1 of 6 2. Bringing Function X to life with the BOB - Part 2 of 6 3. Setting BOB up as a Node - Part 3 of 6 4. Using the BOB to manage your files and browse the web - Part 4 of 6 5. Blockchain-based text messaging on the BOB - Part 5 of 6 6. Blockchain Call on the BOB - Part 6 of 6
More details here; Website; https://functionx.io https://medium.com/functionx/xphone-mwc19-new-design-and-specifications-including-the-x-button-announced-1c720b04f660
The F(x) Coin;
The f(x) ecosystem is fully decentralized. It’s designed and built to run autonomously in perpetuity without the reliance or supervision of any individual or organization. To support this autonomous structure, f(x) Coin which is the underlying ‘currency’ within the f(x) ecosystem has to be decentralized in terms of its distribution, allocation, control, circulation and the way it’s being generated.
https://i.redd.it/scikiwyj7qj21.jpg
Broadly, there are four main participants in the f(x) ecosystem, as shown above: • Consumer: Users enjoy the decentralized service provided by the f(x) ecosystem.
• Infrastructure Service Provider: Providing infrastructure service like the ones provided by mobile carrier, Amazon AWS but in a decentralized way.
• Developer: Building DApp upon f(x) network like Uber, AirBnb, Alibaba.
• Financial Service Provider: Providing liquidity of f(x) coin like NASDAQ, Morgan Stanley.
Infrastructure service provider, Developer and Financial service provider contribute the seamless operation and service shall generate the positive circulation, innovation and value flow to the f(x) ecosystem.
The value flow of the Function X ecosystem; • Infrastructure service provider can offer the service, such as Blockchain, FXTP, DDocker and IPFS to earn f(x) Coin.
• Developer can build applications upon f(x) OS to earn f(x) Coin and at the same time they need to pay for the infrastructure service.
• Consumer enjoys the service and pays for the service in f(x) Coin.
• Developer and infrastructure service provider shall earn f(x) Coin in return by providing their service and they can liquidate it through the financial service provider to earn some profit.
Together, these four participants will create a positive value flow. More service providers will enhance the quality of service and attract more consumers. More consumers will bring more value to the ecosystem by attracting more service providers,and creating f(x) Coin liquidity. Deep liquidity of f(x) Coin will attract more financial service providers to enhance the stability and quality of liquidity. This will attract more service providers to the ecosystem.
Utility of f(x) Coin;
f(x) Coin is the native ‘currency’ of the Function X blockchain and ecosystem. Services rendered in the ecosystem will be transacted with the f(x) Coin. Possible scenarios include: • For service providers: To get paid by developers, companies and consumers for providing storage nodes, DDocker and speeding up of network connections. The role of service providers will described in other sections.
• For consumers: To pay service fees for using DApps, nodes, network resources, storage solutions and other services within the f(x) ecosystem.
• For developers: To pay for services and resources rendered in the ecosystem such as smart contract creation, file storage (paid to IPFS service provider), code hosting (paid to DDocker service provider), advertisements (paid to other developers) and others. To get paid by the enterprises or organizations which require the developer’s service.
• For enterprises or organizations: To pay for service fees, developer fees and advertisements. Services provided to consumers will be charged and denominated in f(x) Coin.
• For phone and hardware manufacturers: To pay for the Function X Operating System customization. Note: we plan to only build a few thousands of the BOB flagship handsets and leave the rest to third-party manufacturers to build more using our operating system.
• For financial institutions: to receive payment for financial services rendered for the ecosystem.
• Many more future scenarios.
https://i.redd.it/r7626yle8qi21.png Hence f(x) Coin can be used as ‘currency’ for the below services, • In-app purchases • Blockchain calls • Smart contract creations • Transaction fees • Advertisements • Hosting fees
Updated fx article: https://medium.com/functionx/f-x-ecosystem-and-tokenomics-explained-ee026ce6815
Contact Us; Please also read the white paper which can be found on the official webpage: https://pundix.com/ A detailed simple guide for Pundi X in Spanish language; https://www.reddit.com/PundiX/comments/a7gdt4/a_detailed_simple_guide_for_pundi_x_in_spanish/
Twitter: https://twitter.com/PundiXLabs Telegram: https://t.me/Pundix Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/pundixlabs/?_rdc=1&_rdr LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/pundipundi/
submitted by Superbit123 to PundiX [link] [comments]

Welcome to ETERBASE (Summarized thread)

WELCOME TO ETERBASE (UPDATED 14.12.2019)
This thread is a summary of all that entails Eterbase (Xbase, Ebase, etc) and will be updated when more news comes out. It’s highly recommended to take your time and read this post if you’d like to know more about the company, token or exchange. If you have any amendments, feel free to post a reply and we’ll change it as soon as we can.
1 Overview / Company
Eterbase is a Slovakia based Digital Asset Exchange, which is compliant with EU laws and regulations, and offers the fastest and most secure API within the space. Having its own collateralized payment token EBASE and many features superior to its competitors, Eterbase aims to position itself amongst the TOP crypto exchanges and as a financial institution. Source
1.1 Exchange
The exchange is the cornerstone of the ETERBASE project. As history has shown, when it comes to periods of increased business activity (e.g. panic selling), the load on exchanges is increased by several orders of magnitude. Many current exchanges suffered severe slow-downs or outages as a result of such activities.We believe that a good exchange is one that delivers not only for sustained periods of time, but also during unexpected heavy load and peak times. We have also seen that in many projects, the initial design changed significantly during the development of the final product, and therefore these projects suffer from architectural constraints that make change management and development difficult. We want to have a robust, scalable and flexible architecture for our exchange. To support these goals, the design team at ETERBASE has defined seven primary objectives for the solutions behind the technical and architectural choices:
We want to deliver, maintain and continually develop our platform, as well as bring new features and experiences to users in the emerging fintech market. To be able to achieve this goal, we must design, develop and control every critical component of our exchange. We have developed every key component of ETERBASE EXCHANGE in house. Source
1.2 Eterbase coin
The Eterbase Coin (XBASE) was originally airdropped by its founders through the Ethereum Network to partners, traders and marketers to incentivize and promote the use of ETERBASE EXCHANGE. The Eterbase Coin (XBASE) has no legal connection to ETERBASE a.s. and it is at the sole discretion of the management to utilize Eterbase Coin (XBASE) or any other digital asset for that matter by the company at any given moment.
According to the ESMA opinion we consider the Eterbase Coin (XBASE) to be a transferable utility token. However, the precise classification might change due to the planned experimental mainnet implementation. It is also likely that this classification might differ in various jurisdictions. Eterbase Coin (XBASE) gives no rights to any entitlements of any kind or any decision-making power within the company or on the platform. The only utility of the token is to serve as a trading pair on the ETERBASE EXCHANGE and to unlock bonus features via Premium Memberships if certain conditions are met based on the sole discretion of the management. Premium Memberships can be obtained via means other than the utilization of Eterbase Coins (XBASE). These two are not legally linked and it is solely up to the discretion of the management of ETERBASE a.s. to enable the features of Premium Membership for individuals.
The Eterbase Coin (XBASE) is currently following ERC223 (Ethereum Network) standard and was audited by several external parties for potential security risks. ETERBASE a.s. might initiate the sale or purchase of Eterbase Coins (XBASE) at any time in any quantity with its own account, as it might do with other digital assets such as Bitcoin, Ethereum and others. Furthermore, the Eterbase Coin (XBASE) exists on the BEP-2 network as XBASE-B.
1.3 Eurbase
On September 1st, 2019; Eterbase announced that it has launched the first phase of the stablecoin named EURBASE [Ebase], which its sole aim to create the first anti-inflationary based stablecoin. As of now it’s pegged to the Euro, but this will change.
As most of us know the central banks and governments tend to tax most of us via inflationary taxation that is to certain degree sold to us via macroeconomic need to push people to spend instead of hoarding the savings and deposits.
Currently, this pressure is getting stronger by the very introduction of negative interest rates and negative yields to AAA-AA government bonds.What we are concluding is that holding Euro and other major currencies can get very expensive in the near future by virtue of both higher inflation due to global trade sanctions and negative interest rates.
We are modelling EURBASE stablecoin to be able to keep up with the inflation within the EUROZONE (current ECB target being 2%) and to be free from negative yields to its holders. In order to cover up the marginal increase the stablecoin will be use its earnings from fees, market making and portfolio appreciation of its underlying assets to manufacture the peg and anti-inflationary hedge in the mid-term utilizing BTC overcollateralization, EUR cash deposits and cash guarantees as the core holdings of its portfolio.
1.4 Token Information / Supply
Symbol
ERC Contract (ERC223)
Decimals
BEP Contract (BEP-2)
Supply
Circulating Supply
1.5 Fees
2. General Info Links)
3. Exchanges^(\Sorted by alphabetical order, not volume)*
4. Third Party Reports
5. AMA’s
6. Interviews
7. Partnerships
8. Announcements, updates and Events
9. Social media links
10. Explainer videos
submitted by SgtTommo to Eterbase [link] [comments]

Daily analysis of cryptocurrencies 20191114(Market index 41 — Fear state)

Daily analysis of cryptocurrencies 20191114(Market index 41 — Fear state)

https://preview.redd.it/49fb76uf5ny31.jpg?width=540&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=1291e9b032036ca11f1e78d606958bbdd9d396be

Travel Company Allows Customers To Book Flights With BitcoinAlternative Airlines, a travel company based in the United Kingdom, has partnered with cryptocurrency service Utrust to facilitate payments with crypto.On Nov. 13, the Swiss-based digital payments processor Utrust announced a new partnership with its first merchant in the travel industry, Alternative Airlines. The two companies plan to provide customers with the ability to book flights while paying with cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Dash, DigiByte (DGB) and Utrust’s native token UTK.
IRS Clarifies Its Confusing ‘Airdrop’ Cryptocurrency Tax PolicyAmerica’s top tax authority, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), has somewhat provided clarification about its recent cryptocurrency tax guidelines. However, their final decision regarding taxing promotional airdrops is yet to be made.Critics pointed out a range of potential problems with the latest guidelines, issued in October. Perhaps most glaring among these issues was a section about “airdrops” — which, in the world of cryptocurrencies, is usually used to refer to promotional giveaways or customer rewards.Per Bloomberg Tax, Christopher Wrobel, an attorney in the IRS Office of the Associate Chief Counsel (Income Tax and Accounting) confirmed that while hard fork-generated revenues are taxable under the latest rulings, the revenue ruling doesn’t apply to promotional airdrop giveaways. But Wrobel did state that the IRS “hasn’t yet decided” whether such promotional airdrops should be treated as taxable.
AFME Calls For Supervisory Convergence On The Regulation Of Crypto-AssetsThe Association for Financial Markets in Europe (AFME) has published a new paper outlining five recommendations for delivering “supervisory convergence on the regulation of crypto-assets” across the region.In other words, the voice of Europe’s wholesale financial markets is saying it wants to encourage collaboration between regulators and those in Europe willing to tap into the cryptocurrency world by drawing up pointers which “work towards a common approach to the regulation and development of crypto-assets in financial services.”
https://preview.redd.it/h5dqt7q85ny31.png?width=504&format=png&auto=webp&s=3975c5edb5c26fd3fdc100264cb5b9c3e4337516

Yesterday, we saw a couple of bearish patterns for bitcoin below the $8,880 resistance against the US Dollar. BTC remained in a bearish zone below the $8,800 level and the 100 hourly simple moving average.
The last rejection was near the $8,780 level and the 100 hourly SMA. A high was formed near $8,784 before the price declined below $8,700. Moreover, the price traded below $8,680 and it is currently testing the $8,640 support area.
If there is an upside correction, the $8,710 level is an immediate resistance. Besides, the 50% Fib retracement level of the recent decline from the $8,784 high to $8,636 low is also near the $8,710 level.
Review previous articles: https://medium.com/@to.liuwen

Encrypted project calendar(November 14, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: The 2019 BlockShow Asia Summit will be held at Marina Bay Sands, Singapore from November 14th to 15th.Binance Coin (BNB): and 4 others 14 November 2019 BlockShow Asia 2019 BlockShow Asia 2019 at Marina Bay Sands Expo, Singapore from November 14–15.Basic Attention Token (BAT): 14 November 2019 London Privacy Meetup “If you’re in London on Nov. 14th, don’t miss our privacy meetup! The Brave research team, our CPO @johnnyryan, as well as @UoE_EFIHorizen (ZEN): 14 November 2019 Weekly Insider Team updates at 3:30 PM UTC/ 11:30 AM EDT: Engineering, Node network, Product/UX, Helpdesk, Legal, BD, Marketing, CEO Closing thoughts, AMA.IOTA (MIOTA): 14 November 2019 Berlin Meetup From Construction to Smart City: IOTA, Maschinenraum & Thinkt Digital will explain, using concrete use cases, how to gain real value from..Dash (DASH): 14 November 2019 Q3 Summary Call “Dash Core Group Q3 2019 Summary Call — Thursday, 14 November 2019”NEO (NEO): 14 November 2019 NeoFest Singapore Meetup “Glad to have@Nicholas_Merten from DataDash as our host for #NeoFest Singapore meetup on 14th Nov!”ANON (ANON): 14 November 2019 ANONIO Wallet Upgrade In conjunction with the Echelon Update, the ANONIO wallet will also be receiving an upgrade!

Encrypted project calendar(November 15, 2019)

TRON (TRX): 15 November 2019 Cross-chain Project “The #TRON cross-chain project will be available on Nov. 15th”Bluzelle (BLZ): 15 November 2019 (or earlier) CURIE Release CURIE release expected by early November 2019.Zebi (ZCO): 15 November 2019 ZEBI Token Swap Ends “… We will give 90 days to all the ERC 20 token holders to swap out their tokens into Zebi coins.”OKB (OKB): 15 November 2019 OKEx Talks — Vilnius “Join us for a meetup on 15 Nov (Fri) for our 1st ever Talks in Vilnius, Lithuania.”Zenon (ZNN): 15 November 2019 Awareness Fund Payout “Distribution of the fund takes place every Friday until Pillars Lock-in Phase is completed.”Fantom (FTM): 15 November 2019 Telegram AMA “Join our CMO @CryptoMHchn and technical advisor @AndreCronjeTech on the 15th of November for thoughts about the direction of Fantom…”

Encrypted project calendar(November 16, 2019)

Bancor (BNT): and 2 others 16 November 2019 Crypto DeFiance-Singapore “Crypto DeFiance is a new global DeFi event embracing established innovators, financial market disruptors, DApp developers…”NEM (XEM): 16 November 2019 Developer’s Event “BLOCKCHAIN: Creation of Multifirma services” from 10:50 AM — 2 PM.PCHAIN (PI): 16 November 2019 (or earlier) New Website “New website will launch this week.”EDC Blockchain (EDC): 16 November 2019 Opening Meeting “The new official EDC Blockchain representative office opens for you in Ankara! We are waiting for you at the opening meeting…”

Encrypted project calendar(November 17, 2019)

OKB (OKB): 17 November 2019 OKEx Talks — Lagos Join us on 17 Nov for another OKEx Talks, discussing the “Life of a Crypto Trader”.BitCash (BITC): 17 November 2019 BitCash Gold Hard Fork We will introduce a third currency on the BitCash blockchain with BitCash Gold. BitCash Gold is pegged to the price of gold.EDC Blockchain (EDC): 17 November 2019 Blockchain Seminar “On November 17th, 2019, we invite you to visit the EDC Blockchain seminar in Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia. “

Encrypted project calendar(November 18, 2019)

Maker (MKR): 18 November 2019 MCD Launch “BIG changes to terminology are coming with the launch of MCD on Nov. 18th Say hello to Vaults, Dai, and Sai.”Vexanium (VEX): 18 November 2019 Nodes Blockchain Summit Vexanium will collaborate with Nodes Community to hold a blockchain conference called the Nodes Blockchain Summit.OKB (OKB): 18 November 2019 Utrecht Workshop “EVENT: We’re going back to basics with #101 workshops on #CryptoTrading in Utrecht & AmsterdamSantiment Network Token (SAN): 18 November 2019 Reddit AMA “… @Santimentfeed will be conducting its first Reddit AMA on the @EthfinanceRsubreddit on Monday, November 18, 2019 from 12pm to 3pm EST”.Decentralized Currency Assets (DCA): 18 November 2019 Added to Echoestrader “Decentralize Currency Assets(DCA) support’s the first crypto algorithm exchange goes live on november 18th 2019.”

Encrypted project calendar(November 19, 2019)

Lisk (LSK): 19 November 2019 Lisk.js “We are excited to announce liskjs2019 will take place on November 19th. This all day blockchain event will include…”Aion (AION): 19 November 2019 Hard Fork “Leading up to the hard fork on November 19th-20th, 2019 the Unity — Aion Kernel will be upgraded by node operators.”Enigma (ENG): 19 November 2019 Open Community Call The first Enigma Open Community Call is Tuesday, Nov 19th, 11AM ET! important updates on our protocol, the Genesis Game, and our road ahead.

Encrypted project calendar(November 20, 2019)

OKB (OKB): 20 November 2019 OKEx Cryptour Odessa Ukr “Join us in Odessa as we journey through Ukraine for our OKEx Cryptour!DAPS Token (DAPS): 20 November 2019 Partnership with SWFT “Everyone will have $DAPS mobile wallets, atomic swaps and much more starting on the 20th of November!”Aragon (ANT): 20 November 2019 Draft Proposal Deadline “Draft proposals for Aragon Network Vote #5 are due in one week, on November 20 at 16:00 UTC…”

Encrypted project calendar(November 21, 2019)

Cardano (ADA): and 2 others 21 November 2019 Meetup Netherlands (AMS) “This meetup is all about how to decentralize a blockchain, the problems and differences between Proof-of-Work and Proof-of-Stake…”Cappasity (CAPP): 21 November 2019 Virtuality Paris 2019 “Cappasity to demonstrate its solution for the interactive shopping experience at Virtuality Paris 2019.”Horizen (ZEN): 21 November 2019 Weekly Insider Team updates at 3:30 PM UTC/ 11:30 AM EDT: Engineering, Node network, Product/UX, Helpdesk, Legal, BD, Marketing, CEO Closing thoughts, AMA.OKB (OKB): 21 November 2019 OKEx Talks — Johannesburg “Join us the largest city of South Africa — Johannesburg where we will host our OKEx Talks on the 21st Nov.”IOST (IOST): 22 November 2019 Singapore Workshop Join the Institute of Blockchain for their 2nd IOST technical workshop in Singapore on 22 Nov 2019. The workshop includes IOST’s key tech.OKB (OKB): 22 November 2019 St. Petersberg Talks “Join us in St. Petersberg on 22 Nov as we answer your questions on Crypto Security. “

Encrypted project calendar(November 22, 2019)

IOST (IOST): 22 November 2019 Singapore Workshop Join the Institute of Blockchain for their 2nd IOST technical workshop in Singapore on 22 Nov 2019. The workshop includes IOST’s key techOKB (OKB): 22 November 2019 St. Petersberg Talks “Join us in St. Petersberg on 22 Nov as we answer your questions on Crypto Security. “

Encrypted project calendar(November 23, 2019)

Californium (CF) and 1 other: 23 November 2019 Greece Meetup “On November 23, the Greek #Cryptocurrency Community Meetup will take place in Greece!”

Encrypted project calendar(November 25, 2019)

0x (ZRX): 25 November 2019 0x V3 Proposal Live “The 0x v3 proposal was approved and will go live on Ethereum mainnet starting November 25th!”Dynamic Trading Rights (DTR): 25 November 2019 Chain Migration “On November 25 at 23:00 CET, TokensNet will make a migration of the $ELI token from Ethereum blockchain to Bitcoin Cash blockchain…”

Encrypted project calendar(November 27, 2019)

OKB (OKB): 27 November 2019 OKEx Cryptour Vinnytsia “Join us in Vinnytsia as we journey through Ukraine for our OKEx Cryptour!”Fetch.ai (FET): 27 November 2019 London Meetup “Join us on 27 November @primalbasehq to hear an exciting progress report as we prepare for the launch of our #mainnet”

Encrypted project calendar(November 28, 2019)

Horizen (ZEN): 28 November 2019 Weekly Insider Team updates at 3:30 PM UTC/ 11:30 AM EDT: Engineering, Node network, Product/UX, Helpdesk, Legal, BD, Marketing, CEO Closing thoughts, AMA.

Encrypted project calendar(November 29, 2019)

Zenon (ZNN): 29 November 2019 Awareness Fund Payout “Distribution of the fund takes place every Friday until Pillars Lock-in Phase is completed.”

Encrypted project calendar(November 30, 2019)

Ethos (ETHOS): 30 November 2019 (or earlier) Rebranding “In November, we unveil the broker token, a dynamic utility token to power our commission-free crypto trading and broker platform, Voyager.”Digitex Futures (DGTX): 30 November 2019 Public Testnet Launch “…We can expect to see the world’s first zero-commission futures trading platform live on the Ethereum public testnet from 30th November.”Monero (XMR): 30 November 2019 Protocol Upgrade “Preliminary information thread regarding the scheduled protocol upgrade of November 30.”Chiliz (CHZ): 30 November 2019 (or earlier) Fiat to CHZ Exchanges “We will add another two fiat to $CHZ exchanges in November…”Skrumble Network (SKM): 30 November 2019 (or earlier) P2P & Group Calling “P2P & Group Video Calling,” during November 2019.Aergo (AERGO): 30 November 2019 (or earlier) Mainnet 2.0 Upgrade Mainnet 2.0 Protocol update by end of November.Akropolis (AKRO): 30 November 2019 (or earlier) Beta Release “All functionality has been deployed to mainnet.”Nash Exchange (NEX): 30 November 2019 (or earlier) Mobile Strategy Phase 2 “Phase 2 of our mobile strategy will be live soon with our wallet and portfolio app hitting stores in November!”Akropolis (AKRO): 30 November 2019 (or earlier) Beta Release “All functionality has been deployed to mainnet.”

Telegram: https://t.me/Lay126
Twitter:https://twitter.com/mianhuai8
Facebook:https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100022246432745
Reddi:https://www.reddit.com/useliuidaxmn
LinkedIn:https://www.linkedin.com/in/liu-wei-294a12176/
submitted by liuidaxmn to u/liuidaxmn [link] [comments]

Some news you may have missed out on part 49.

-Public servants must give up foreign nationalities or job, rules SC
The Supreme Court on Saturday directed the authorities concerned to set a deadline for dual nationality holders to either rescind their foreign nationalities or resign from their job immediately. Headed by Chief Justice Mian Saqib Nisar, a three-judge bench of the apex court announced its judgement in a case pertaining to public servants holding dual nationalities.
It directed the authorities to develop criteria and standard operating procedures (SOPs) requiring disclosure of intent to seek such foreign nationalities and permanent residence permits and adopt methods to check such instances and enforce penalties for no-disclosure.
-Pakistan has been elected as the Vice President and the Rapporteur of the Conference of Parties (COP) to the United Nations convention on climate change
Pakistan has been elected as the Vice President and the Rapporteur of the Conference of Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, at COP 24 in Katowice, Poland. Pakistan was one of the two countries elected to the position from Asia-Pacific Group, by acclamation on December 15, a Foreign Office statement said. The other bodies in which Pakistan secured seats included the Executive Board of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), Standing Committee on Finance (SCF), Adaptation Committee (AC), Consultative Group of Experts (CGE), and Technology Executive Committee (TEC).
-First ever ATM installed in North Waziristan
-COAS confirms death sentence to 15 hardcore terrorists
Chief of Army Staff (COAS) General Qamar Javed Bajwa on Sunday confirmed the death sentence awarded to 15 hardcore terrorists involved in heinous offences related to terrorism.
The terrorists who were tried and awarded capital punishments by special military courts were involved in attacks on the armed forces, law enforcement agencies, abetting suicide bombers in an attack on Christian Colony near Peshawar, destruction of educational institutions and killing of innocent civilians, according to the Inter-Service Public Relations (ISPR).
-Government to help in every possible way for PIA’s revival: minister
Federal Minister for Privatization Muhammad Mian Soomro has said that the PTI- led federal government will provide all possible help for the revival of Pakistan International Airlines (PIA), ARY News reported on Sunday. The federal minister visited PIA Headquarters and met CEO of PIA, Air Marshal Arshad Malik to get briefing about the current position of the organization.
“Government will help in every possible way for PIA’s revival,” adding it [PIA] is moving in positive direction now. Mr Soomro said government is committed to transform PIA into profitable organization as it was in the past.
-Gas supply resumed to CNG sector
Federal Minister for Petroleum Ghulam Sarwar Khan on Saturday announced that the supply of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) was estored in Karachi and Sindh at around 8PM. ddressing media in Karachi alongside Governor Sindh Imran Ismail, the petroleum minister said that the days long crisis will be over as the supply was restored to CNG sector at 8PM.
-“Japanese firms to invest in Pakistan’s steel, baby formula milk industries”
Adviser to Prime Minister on Commerce, Textile and Industries Abdul Razak Dawood said that officials from major Japanese firms are scheduled to visit Pakistan next month for making investments in country’s steel and baby formula milk industries. Speaking at a press conference, Dawood informed that last month Japanese companies assured to invest in Pakistan during the bilateral trade talks in Japan. He said a delegation of Japanese companies, manufacturing steel and baby formula milk, will be visiting Pakistan after January 15. Moreover, the Japanese government also promised to allocate skill development and technology development funds for small industries in Pakistan, the PM adviser said.
-Aleem Khan vows initiate large-scale development projects in Punjab
Punjab Senior Minister Abdul Aleem Khan on Sunday vowed to initiate large-scale development projects across the province on emergency basis. Talking to journalists at Punjab secretariat, Aleem Khan said the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf government will soon devise policy to regularize the slums in the province. He said that provision of potable water to every locality is government’s responsibility and added that their party will fulfill all the promises made with the masses. The minister also listen public complaints on the occasion and said that the government will not make any compromise on public issues. He said that 908 complaints have been registered so far at the public secretariat and added that out of 815 complaints had been addressed.
-CPEC to increase Pakistan GDP growth by 3%
Muhammad Saleem Acting High Commissioner (HC) of Pakistan while speaking at Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) conference arranged by Carleton University said through CPEC Pakistan will become an energy secure country and its GDP growth will increase by 2-3pc. He said early harvest energy and infrastructure projects, created 40,000 local jobs and the new projects will usher into an era of development and prosperity.
Speaking on the occasion, Chinese Ambassador to Canada, Mr. Lu Shaye said that BRI is not a geo-political tool but it is a new approach to international development and prosperity and it aims to advance economic and trade coordination among regional countries. A large number of academics, diplomats, media persons, businessmen and students attended the conference.
-Yet another mini budget on cards from PTI government
Yet another mini budget is on cards from the PTI government in a bid to bridge the gap of the increasing revenue shortfall. Federal government is considering major revenue measures including raising the GST rate on POL products, slapping tax on the telecom companies, reversing the tax relief for salaried class by 50 percent and increasing the tax rate on cigarettes by reviewing the existing third tier taxation system. The jacking up of additional custom duty by 1 percent is also among the proposals floated by the FBR to achieve the revenue targets. The Federal Minister for Finance Asad Umar is currently visiting abroad so after his return the government could take final decision on finalising additional revenue measures to bridge the yawning revenue shortfall within the next couple of weeks.
-In a historical move, Smart Cards replace old registration books in Punjab
Punjab government starts issueing smart cards as replacement of vehicle registration books from tomorrow to facilitate the citizens. According to sources at Punjab Excise Department , all arrangements for the new registration system have been finalized. The source said the machines procured for the smart cards can prepare nearly twenty-two thousand cards daily.
-PM Imran Khan issues stern instructions to FIA, crackdown on cards across country in next 24 hours
Prime Minister Imran Khan on Sunday has issued stern instructions to the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA). FIA has been ordered to keep its offices 24 hours open in Karachi while teams were formed for action against bitcoin and sell of illegal cards of foreign tv channels. Earlier on November 30, Prime Minister Imran Khan had directed the concerned authorities to finalize a new legislation to effectively deal with the offences related to money laundering.
-Russia expresses desire to enhance trilateral partnership with Pakistan, China
Alexey Y Dedov, the ambassador of the Russian Federation in Pakistan, hailed the move of the South Asain giant to open the Kartarpur Corridor for Sikh pilgrims in India. According to details, the envoy, speaking at Pakistan Institute of International Affairs on the topic of “Russia’s Stabilising Role in South Asia”, stated that Pakistan’s decision of opening Kartarpur border shows the country’s commitment towards peace and stability in the region. He further appreciated Pakistan’s military crackdown against militants present inside its border under the operations of Radd-ul-Fasaad and Zarb-e-Azb.
-Canadian diplomats laud Pakistan as attractive tourist destination
A ten-member delegation of Canadian Embassy Islamabad Saturday visited the archaeological sites in Takhtbhai and evinced keen interest in the historical remains of Gandhara civilization. The members of the delegation in their comments on the occasion held Pakistan an attractive tourist country. Pakistan is a peaceful country and its people are peace loving and hospitable, they added.
-Pakistan Railways announces to launch VIP trains across Pakistan
Pakistan Railways minister stressed that steps are being taken to improve the standard of Pakistan Railways and to provide maximum relief to the people. “New passenger and freight trains will be inaugurated soon including a new train between Lahore and Rawalpindi,” he announced. Sheikh Rashid invited the private sectors to contribute in the development of railways, adding that VIP trains will be launched soon with the collaboration of private partners.
-Pakistan emerging as favourite tourist destination for French and European tourists
Pakistan is emerging as favourite and preferred tourists destination for French and European tourists, it has been revealed. More and more French and European tourists are opting for Pakistan as a ‘preferred destination’ for tourism purpose, Radio Pakistan reported.
According to details, the representatives of the top tour operators of France called on Ambassador of Pakistan to France Moin ul Haque in the French capital for a debriefing session. The representatives of French tour company recently visited Pakistan in September on a two-week long trip. They prepared their separate presentations to brief the Pakistani ambassador about their journey which gave them first-hand experience of tourism potential of Pakistan.
-Russia to support Pakistan in economic challenges: Ambassador hints at renewed pledge
Ambassador of Russia , Mr. Alexey Dedov has expressed Russian desire to enhance economic ties with Pakistan. The Ambassador of Russia remained with the Governor Sindh for sometime and discussed matters pertaining to mutual interests particularly on partnership in economy, trade and finance. The Ambassador said that Russia welcomes the determination of Pakistani Government to promptly respond to economic challenges of the Country and energy crisis.
-For the first time in history, Pakistan and Hollywood to come up with an interesting joint venture
Paksiatni directors and Hollywood filmmakers are collaborating for the very first time in history. The acclaimed filmmakers from the East and the West are working together on a supernatural thriller titled Djinn. A new production house ‘Wingman Films’ is going to mark an entry with this multicultural concept venture.
Pakistani producer Ali Murtaza, who is also working on "The Legend of Maula Jatt" these days, shared the details of upcoming venture Djinn saying that the movie will be based on a 17-year-old hero from Pakistan’s northern areas who will be struggling to recover ‘lost stones’ and keep the world from being taken over by djinns. Due to this reason, the show will be featuring episodes from the US and China in its first season.
-PM may set up poverty alleviation unit at his office
Prime Minister Imran Khan may set up a poverty alleviation unit at his office, to be headed by a special assistant, for implementing a new broad-based strategy to pull millions of people out of poverty. About 16 government and semi-government organisations will liaison with the office of special assistant on poverty alleviation and social protection, said sources in the PM Office.
-Govt finalises 5-year tariff policy
Adviser to Prime Minister on Commerce, Textile and Industries Abdul Razak Dawood has announced that the government has finalised a five-year national tariff policy aimed at restricting duties on raw material and machinery imports for export-based industries. “We are making efforts to rationalise certain taxes and regulatory and customs duties,” he said. “At present, there exists roughly 34 different taxes and the government is planning to reduce them to 12 or eight in the next couple of years.” It would assist the leadership to remove a key impediment in the way of ease of doing business, the adviser emphasised, adding that he was well aware of the challenges faced by the business community regarding tax slabs and tariff lines.
-Number of taxes to be reduced from 34 to eight for ease of doing business: Razzak Dawood
The business community is suffering a lot in shape of multiple tax slabs and tariff lines. The government is working to rationalize taxes, regulatory and customs duties, Adviser to the Prime Minister on Commerce Abdul Razzak Dawood said while addressing the ‘Emerging Pakistan’ ceremony organized by the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry (RCCI). There are around 34 different taxes and the government is planning to shrink to 12 or eight in next couple of years, he said, adding that this would help in meeting the challenge of one core impediment in ease of doing business. He said that the government had finalized the five-year national tariff policy to bring down tariffs on raw material and machinery imports for export-based industries.
-Services exports jump 14.28pc, trade deficit falls 49pc in October
The services exports from Pakistan surged by 14.28 per cent to $470 million in October, as compared to the exports during the same month of the previous year.
The trade deficit of services also fell sharply by 49.05 per cent during the month as it decreased to $195 million against the trade deficit of $382 million in the same month of previous year, according to latest data of Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS). The imports of services declined by 16.25 per cent to $665 million in the corresponding month as compared to import of $794.02 million in October 2017. Meanwhile, the trade deficit of services during first four months of current fiscal year (2018-19) also shrank by 33.75 per cent as exports increased by 2.13 per cent and imports fell by 15.47 per cent during the period, as compared to the period from July-October of 2017-18.
-Govt to promote Pakistan-made furniture at international markets
Advisor to Prime Minister on Commerce, Textile and Industrial Production and Investment, Abdul Razak Dawood, Sunday said that the government was taking all possible measures to promote Pakistan-made products at local and international markets and special incentive packages would be given to strengthening manufacturing in furniture sector to boost the exports. The advisor was speaking at the prize distribution ceremony at the concluding day of 3-day “Interiors Pakistan” international exhibition at Expo Center, organised by Pakistan Furniture Council (PFC). Dawood also appreciated PFC Chief Executive Mian Kashif Ashfaq for holding a successful exhibition and said PFC deserved appreciation for promoting the culture of local brands to strengthen the national economy.
-Economic revival, industrial boost top agenda of govt: Usman
Prime Minister’s Special Assistant on Youth Affairs Usman Dar Sunday said that economic revival and boosting industries were the top agenda of the present government and all-out efforts were being made in that regard. In a meeting of surgical instruments’ manufactures and exporters in Sialkot, Dar said that PTI government was taking the business community and other stakeholders on-board for economic progress and development. Punjab Minister for Special Education Ch Muhammad Ikhlaq, SIMAP Chairman Khalilur Rehman Mughal and Muhammad Jehangir Bajwa were also present.
-Govt Likely to Allow More Than One Duty Free Phones for Overseas Pakistanis
After facing strong criticism, as well as concerns from the overseas Pakistanis on new mobile import policy, the government is considering revising the policy and may allow at least two duty free phones.
-SBP Orders Installation of CCTV Cameras at Exchange Companies to Curb Money Laundering
The State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) is planning to tighten the monitoring of exchange companies through CCTV cameras in order to curb money laundering and terror financing in the country. The central bank said that the directives regarding the monitoring of exchange companies are mandatory for continuing their business in Pakistan.
-PIA takes multiple initiatives to come out of huge losses
Air Marshal Arshad Malik apprised the Aviation Minister about the current management initiatives such as reopening of routes, new destinations being planned to increase the airline’s network, improvement in food service, scheduling, and cost savings.
-Pakistan Economic indicators start to take 'u turn' towards positive trajectory: Report
Various stats and figures.
-Punjab's first Vehicle Registration Card or Digital Vehicle Smart Cards by the Excise and Taxation Department being Printed on site
-Pak China Steel Mill inaugurated at Port Qasim
A joint venture of Pak-China, Jianbang Group of China and a well-established of Pakistan has installed a first ever pig iron plant at Port Qasim Karachi, which is now inaugurated. The plant is now operational, as per the information the inauguration of this mill has been done on December 2018, there was big presentation of media at the event. The inauguration is done by the Chairman of Jianbang Group, Mr Wu Xianonian, whereas the partner of Pak China Steel, Mr. Lee Feelix as well as the directors Mr. Jam Asif and director Mr. Mustafa Dawood and Head of Marketing Mr. Sheharyar Khan hosted the event, Production capacity of the plant is 8000 tons per month total, at the current the stage company is only producing is 5000 tons.
-Islamabad Police To Reward Citizens Over Good Driving
Good Citizen Patrol Team will observe the drivers in Islamabad Capital Territory. Islamabad (Pakistan Point News – 15th December, 2018) The Islamabad police will now reward the citizens over following traffic rules. Minister of State for Interior Shehryar Afridi launched the Good Citizen Patrol Team on Saturday. The patrolling team will observe the drivers in Islamabad Capital Territory. Not only that, they will give some reward to the good drivers in Islamabad.
submitted by FashBasher1 to pakistan [link] [comments]

What is BTC Futures

Futures markets have been in existence for the more mature asset classes, including commodities and equities for quite some time, however, Bitcoin futures launch is a major step towards the legitimisation of the most popular cryptocurrency.

What is Bitcoin Future?

Within a futures market, an investor is able to trade futures contracts, which involves the purchase of an asset class at a particular price with a settlement date set at some point in the future.
The underlying value of the futures contract for a particular instrument is then priced according to the actual asset itself, whether gold, crude, an index or individual stock.
Futures markets have been prevalent in the financial markets for many years, with the first modern era futures market reported to have been the Dojima Rice Exchange, launched in Japan in 1710. Some suggest that the London Metal Exchange that was founded in the 19th century traces back to the 16th century and that’s before considering 1750 BC’s Code of Hammurabi that allowed the sales of goods and assets to be delivered for an agreed price at a future date.
Futures contracts contain the details of the asset class in question together with the purchase size, final trading day, maturity date and exchange on which the contract is being bought or sold. Futures contracts are created based on demand and do not get automatically created in the marketplace, involving two parties, where one party is going long on an asset class, while the other goes short.
Upon expiry of a futures contract, the settlement is either physical, in the case of commodities, or via a cash settlement in the case of Bitcoin, though the futures contracts are likely to change hands on numerous occasions before expiry. It is important to note that the futures market is used by investors looking to hedge exposures to a particular instrument or by speculators, neither of whom are actually looking for physical delivery that is akin to the spot /cash markets.
As investors have become more knowledgeable about the markets and the influences on asset classes, the futures markets have become a guide for investors on the likely direction of commodities, stocks and indexes on a given day, with crude oil futures, gold futures and the the Dow Jones reflecting investor sentiment towards the respective instruments and the direction based on the flow of information that influences supply and demand dynamics.
For investors looking to hedge, there will already be some form of an exposure to the spot or physical and the futures markets allow the company or investor to protect the upside or downside with a futures contract.
As an example, airlines are well known to protect themselves against significant rises in crude oil prices, by buying a futures contract today with a specified price and delivery date in the future, on the assumption that oil prices will be on the rise over the period in question.
In this case, the airline is exposed to the cost fluctuations of crude oil as a physical but is looking to protect itself in the futures market. If crude rises in value by $20 per barrel over the year and the airline has a futures contract at $5 per barrel above the current price, the impact on earnings is significantly less than without the execution of the futures contract. In this example, the airline would be taking a long position, while the party obligated to deliver the crude oil will be taking a short position, as they are the seller, while the airline is the buyer. An airline is unlikely to take a short position in crude oil, as declining prices benefit the bottom line.
In contrast to investors or companies looking to hedge exposures, speculators will be looking to benefit from the price fluctuations of an asset class without actually having a physical exposure to the asset class in question. The incentive for a speculator is profit from the general direction of contracts decided upon by their outlook on supply and demand for the particular instrument.
In summary:
Hedgers can go either long or short. Short positions are taken to secure a price now in order to protect the hedger from declining prices in the future, while long positions protect against rising prices in the future.
Speculators go short on the expectation of prices falling in the future while going long on the assumption that prices will be on the rise.
With Bitcoin now having been in existence since 2009 and become a sizeable instrument by market cap comparable to some of the largest listed companies on the U.S equity markets, it comes as a little surprise that futures exchanges have moved ahead on offering investors with the option of Bitcoin futures contracts.
For Bitcoin, miners will receive some relief from the launch of the futures market, with the sizeable investments into mining equipment, not to mention exponential gains, needing some protection against price declines, while the speculator may be looking for the rally to continue and reach the stratospheric heights predicted by some in the marketplace, or in some cases, for the bubble to burst.

How to Buy and Sell Bitcoin Futures?

Bitcoin futures based on Gemini’s auction prices are available for trading
For those looking to enter the Bitcoin futures market, the first and fundamental question is whether the motivation is speculative or to protect current Bitcoin earnings from any downside.
Choice of exchange may be considered arbitrary, but it would be best to go with the exchange with the greatest number of futures contracts issued, as both will be considered liquid from an investor perspective.
As we addressed before, contract sizes differ on the respective exchanges as do margin requirements, so these are also considerations.
When looking to trade with margin, this is essentially the funding component of the trade executed on the futures exchange.
As investors will not actually own Bitcoin itself, there is no need for the full value of the purchase to be paid in advance of the contract expiry date. In the event of an investor holding a contract until the expiration date, the amount paid, if out of the money, is limited to the difference between contract price and the actual price. The margin is placed on a margin funding account as collateral for the trade.
In addition to the collateral, also referred to as initial margin, investors are required to meet Mark-to-Market calls during the duration of the futures contract.
The Mark-to-Market (“MTM”) margin is the difference between the cost of the position held and the current market value (“CMV”) of the position. In the event of a loss, the exchange will fund any margin shortfalls stemming from a MTM call from the investor’s margin funding account. The reverse is also possible, where the exchange funds the account where the investor has margins in excess of the required amount.
In the event that the margin funding account falls below acceptable levels, the investor will then be required to fund the account to meet future MTM requirements.
As we mentioned above, contract sizes between the 2 exchanges are different.
Final settlement on both exchanges is in U.S Dollars, with no actual Bitcoins held during the duration of the contract that requires settlement.
With futures contracts being a 2-sided market, involving a buyer and a seller, counterparty risk on the final settlement is absorbed by the respective clearing houses and not the party in the money.
It’s worth noting that, while those looking to hedge Bitcoin’s value are likely to hold futures contracts through the expiration, speculators are likely to be buying and selling Bitcoin ahead of expiration, taking advantage of daily movements in response to market noise.
For this reason, market liquidity is particularly important for those holding futures contracts as an inability to find a buyer can have quite dire consequences to the futures market and the price of Bitcoin itself.

How Can Bitcoin Futures Affect Bitcoin Trading?

The gains have come off the back of Bitcoin futures seeing an uptick in value above Bitcoin’s actual value at the time of launch of each of the respective exchanges.
With the general theory being that the smarter institutional money is going into the Bitcoin futures market, investors in Bitcoin will be looking towards the futures market as a guide to the future direction of Bitcoin, based on information available in the marketplace.
Increased appetite for lower prices would see the value of Bitcoin futures contracts decline, which would likely lead to price declines in Bitcoin itself.
When we look at the Dow mini or the S&P500 futures, daily movements have a material impact on the direction of the main indexes each day, barring the arrival of new information to which investors respond during normal trading hours.
For now, the number of contracts is considered relatively small and investors may take less direction from the respective exchanges, but we will expect the number of contracts to grow over time and provide some idea on which direction Bitcoin will take on a given day.
Exchange to choose
JEX Exchange
If you have a interesting in trading Bitcoin, Ethereum, EOS or other cryptocurrency futures in a professional exchange, JEX Exchange would be a good choice.
It’s the leading Bitcoin futures & options trading exchange in the world.
It's official website is as follows www.jex.com
For more questions, you could find them in the following ways
Find us on
JEX Twitter
About JEX
JEX Telegram
JEX Reddit
JEX Facebook
JEX Facebook Group
submitted by JEX_Derivative to jex [link] [comments]

With No Faith or Credit: An Introduction to Cryptocurrencies

The following is meant to give an idea of how cryptocurrencies work, getting into detail without requiring any math or programming skills to understand. If you have a good understanding of fiat currencies, then feel free to skip the first section of this post.
In 2016, the GDP of the United States was $18.57 trillion. GDP is just the value of everything produced in a year. So the savvy investor with an extra $19 trillion lying around could have used it to buy everything made in the US in 2016, including services like cleaning. This is a little simplified, but essentially true. GDP is the total value of all of the cars, movies, bread, haircuts, buildings, military spending, advertising, and fidget spinners, all sold at market prices. The total wealth of the US in 2016 was estimated to be about $88.1 trillion.
You don't really care. But now that you have those numbers for context, humor me and take an educated guess at something. How many dollars exist in the world? Go ahead, take a guess.
If you said $18.57 trillion, you'd be wrong. According to the Federal Reserve, there is about $1.56 trillion worth of US currency in circulation.
It turns out that number, $1.56 trillion is a little misleading. Nothing is ever simple, is it? For starters, a lot of money is electronic: it is not, and never was represented by physical bills or coins. Who creates this money? The Federal Reserve. Sort of. I told you it's never simple, didn't I?
The Federal Reserve of the United States is in charge of issuing money. Dollar bills are actually known as "Federal Reserve notes." The Federal Reserve can, with the click of a button, create more dollar bills. However, what is surprising to most people, especially many crypo enthusiasts, is that dollars are also created by banks. Think about it this way. Let's say the Fed prints a shiny new $100 bill. It goes into circulation, and Cindy the Airline Pilot gets ahold of it. Cindy is a spendthrift, so she decides to squirrel it away and deposit it in her bank account at Goliath National Bank. Does GNB put that $100 in a vault? No. They put $10 in a vault and loan the other $90 to Fred the mechanic, who wants to buy a house. Fred buys his house, and that $90 goes to Samir the landlord. At the end of the week, Samir deposits his $90 into his savings account at Goliath National Bank.
Okay, if you followed that, you'll realize there is a problem. Cindy has $100 in her account at GNB. Samir has $90 in his. $90 has been created, out of thin air. Banks give out loans all the time, and the result is that a lot of the 'money' that exists in the economy, well, doesn’t exist. It's just a couple numbers on a balance sheet at some bank. That money can, and does, disappear sometimes. This is one of the things that happens during a recession. There is literally less money. In the long run however, all of that money is based on the original $100 issued by the Federal Reserve. This means that the Fed ultimately does control the amount of US Dollars in circulation.
Makes you start wondering: What is money actually worth?
The value of money, like any other tradeable commodity, is determined by supply and demand. The supply of dollars changes a lot over time, and is fundamentally driven by the Federal Reserve. That's the supply side. What about demand? Well, demand is determined by how much people want dollars. Not money, everyone wants money. Dollars. How much people want dollars depends on how much there is to buy with them.
For instance, imagine President Xi of China wants a Tesla Model S. He has to buy it in US currency, so he first "buys" dollars and then uses those to buy the Tesla. This increases the demand for, and thus the value of the dollar. So generally, if the economy grows and more products are offered in the US market, the value of the dollar goes up. The value of the dollar increasing is known as deflation. If the Fed prints a whole bunch more dollars, they are devalued, which is known as inflation.
Begin reading here if you don't need a brush-up on your Economics 101.
I invite you now to consider a different way that money could work.
Imagine that Samantha the accountant has decided to buy some cigars from Cuba. She finds that they won't accept US dollars. For business reasons she decides that she cannot buy any Cuban currency. How is she to get ahold of the cigars? She thinks about it a little bit, and comes up with a creative way to pay for the order.
She contacts the cigar manufacturer and makes a deal. She will do 5 hours of tax work in exchange for some cigars. To keep herself accountable, (no pun intended), she creates a new website, www.SamIOUs.com. On that website, she posts the following: "Hey everyone. I am a registered CPA. I owe CubanCigar Inc. 5 hours of tax work." Now she is accountable. There is a public record that CubanCigar Inc. has a voucher for some accounting work.
Well, the next day, CubanCigar Inc. goes to buy some office supplies from its paper supplier in the US, Dunder Mifflin. After examining their bank account, they realize that they are almost out of US dollars, and Dunder Mifflin won’t accept Pesos. They could go through the hassle of changing their money. Happily for them, however, they don't need to use US dollars. They have something else to trade: Samantha's accounting work. CC Inc. contacts Dunder Mifflin and offers to trade some accounting for the next reams of paper.
To hold themselves accountable, they go to www.SamIOUs.com and make the following comment: "We, CubanCigar Inc., are transferring our accounting IOUs to Dunder Mifflin." Now, anyone who looks at the website can see that Dunder Mifflin holds the IOUS.
This is the basic idea of a blockchain. Like www.SamIOUs.com, a blockchain is a public ledger that records transactions. Also like Samantha's website, anyone can look at the blockchain and find out how many "IOU's" any specific person has. However, as always, things aren't quite that simple.
There’s a problem. A hacker finds the website and sees a very very easy way to steal the IOU’s and to get his taxes done for free. He signs up for a new account under the name “Dunder Mifflin Paper Company” and writes a message to the page: “We, Dunder Mifflin, hereby transfer our IOUs to [email protected]”. At this point, Samantha’s website no longer works. The public messages don’t keep anyone accountable if they can be forged.
The next time Samantha wants to buy cigars, she comes up with a better solution. She renames her website www.safepublicledger.com. She preregisters 100 usernames. They are all generic. User1, User2, User3, etc. Anyone can go onto the website and claim one of these names. Once they do, they are given a password, and the username is no longer available.
Samantha contacts CubanCigars Inc. and tells them to claim the username “User33”. Once they do, she posts that she owes User33 5 IOUs for an hour of work each. To prove that they really are User33, all CubanCigars Inc needs to do is use the password that was generated for them when the claimed the account.
Now, we’re starting to get a little closer to a system that can replace the current method of making payments. But the system still isn’t secure, and ELeET_HaXor isn’t done yet. Seeing Sam’s new system, he goes ahead and registers for all 100 accounts. That way, no one can use them at all. Samantha is too clever, however. She writes a program on her website that will allow 100 million million million accounts to be created. Next time, she can tell CubanCigars Inc. to claim the account “User52446722224590.” No problem.
ELeET_HaXor has one more trick up his sleeve. He realizes that if he hacks into Samantha’s computer, he can change the website and control all of the posts, and make it look like all of the IOU’s were transferred to him.
Samantha, foiled again, decides to try one last time. This time, she comes up with a very clever solution. She creates a new website, www.distributedpublicledger.com.
She sends out a mass email to everyone she knows: “Hi! I have this really cool website, but it keeps getting hacked. If you know anything about cybersecurity, I will trade you 1 Accounting IOU if you put a copy of my website on your computer and keep an eye on it to make sure it doesn’t get hacked.”
10 friends respond. Now it’s 10 against 1. The hacker can’t hack the ALL of the websites, and the friends all have a vested interest in protecting the ledger, because if the websites disappear, there is no record of the tax work they are receiving as payment. These ‘friends’ are what you might have heard referred to as “miners.”
In reality, the mechanism for security is a bit more mathy. I’ll try to explain it without using any math. Skip the next couple paragraphs if you don’t want to get too in depth. A better analogy for blockchain would be the following: In addition to asking her friends to make a copy of her website, Samantha adds a program that makes it really hard to post. In fact, in order to post, one must mindlessly press enter 10,000 times. CubanCigars Inc. is frustrated because they don’t want to take the time to do this. It’s too frustrating. So Samantha writes a program that allows her friends all to work together. She asks her 10 friends to press enter on behalf of CubanCigars. In return, she’ll give them some IOUs as well. With 10 of them working, it doesn’t take too long.
Meanwhile, ELeET_HaXor is trying to write a fake post on behalf of CubanCigars. However, he finds that by the time he has hit enter 1000 times, the IOUs in the CubanCigars account have already been transferred. In order for hackers to break the network, there would need to be more of them then there were miners (the friends).
And that’s it. That’s what’s known as a proof of work blockchain. The term blockchain comes from the fact that the ‘posts’ which record the transactions are grouped together into big blocks that the miners work on all at once. These blocks can be strung together like a chain to make an entire transaction history. Ethereum and Bitcoin are both examples of this type of blockchain, although there are many variations, including some that don’t use miners or blocks at all!
“Now hold on. In your example, it’s Samantha doing taxes that gives value to the IOUs. I’ve heard that bitcoin doesn’t have any inherent value at all!”
Remember what we said at the beginning of this post. A currency’s value is determined by its supply and demand. Demand comes from usefulness. Sam’s IOUs were useful because they could be traded for Samantha’s time. US dollars are useful because they can be traded for just about everything. So while you might not be able to pay your accountant with bitcoin today, there are more and more places that are starting to accept cryptocurrencies as payment. Think about it, if your friend offered to buy your old laptop for $500 worth of bitcoin, would you do it? Yes! Because you know that the bitcoin is tradeable for $500. Cryptocurrencies have value because people acknowledge their use. Additionally, Ethereum, which operates as more than just a cryptocurrency, will have potential uses in various applications (like online voting, gambling, or contract-keeping, to name a few).
Cryptocurrencies have an additional advantage over most currencies. They are scarce. Samantha, as the creator of her IOUs, decided at the beginning how many total she was willing to give out. Similarly, it has been determined that there will only ever be about 21 million bitcoin, and while there is not a fixed supply of Ethereum, its inflation is predictable and will tend towards 0 over time.
In short, cryptocurrencies are a way to circumvent currencies tied to any country or organization. They are scarce, secure,(often) deflationary, act like a transferable commodity, and require no bank or third party organization to transfer or touch your money.
submitted by EtherOrNot to ethtrader [link] [comments]

What is Bitcoin Futures

Futures markets have been in existence for the more mature asset classes, including commodities and equities for quite some time, however, Bitcoin futures launch is a major step towards the legitimisation of the most popular cryptocurrency.

What is Bitcoin Future?

Within a futures market, an investor is able to trade futures contracts, which involves the purchase of an asset class at a particular price with a settlement date set at some point in the future.
The underlying value of the futures contract for a particular instrument is then priced according to the actual asset itself, whether gold, crude, an index or individual stock.
Futures markets have been prevalent in the financial markets for many years, with the first modern era futures market reported to have been the Dojima Rice Exchange, launched in Japan in 1710. Some suggest that the London Metal Exchange that was founded in the 19th century traces back to the 16th century and that’s before considering 1750 BC’s Code of Hammurabi that allowed the sales of goods and assets to be delivered for an agreed price at a future date.
Futures contracts contain the details of the asset class in question together with the purchase size, final trading day, maturity date and exchange on which the contract is being bought or sold. Futures contracts are created based on demand and do not get automatically created in the marketplace, involving two parties, where one party is going long on an asset class, while the other goes short.
Upon expiry of a futures contract, the settlement is either physical, in the case of commodities, or via a cash settlement in the case of Bitcoin, though the futures contracts are likely to change hands on numerous occasions before expiry. It is important to note that the futures market is used by investors looking to hedge exposures to a particular instrument or by speculators, neither of whom are actually looking for physical delivery that is akin to the spot /cash markets.
As investors have become more knowledgeable about the markets and the influences on asset classes, the futures markets have become a guide for investors on the likely direction of commodities, stocks and indexes on a given day, with crude oil futures, gold futures and the the Dow Jones reflecting investor sentiment towards the respective instruments and the direction based on the flow of information that influences supply and demand dynamics.
For investors looking to hedge, there will already be some form of an exposure to the spot or physical and the futures markets allow the company or investor to protect the upside or downside with a futures contract.
As an example, airlines are well known to protect themselves against significant rises in crude oil prices, by buying a futures contract today with a specified price and delivery date in the future, on the assumption that oil prices will be on the rise over the period in question.
In this case, the airline is exposed to the cost fluctuations of crude oil as a physical but is looking to protect itself in the futures market. If crude rises in value by $20 per barrel over the year and the airline has a futures contract at $5 per barrel above the current price, the impact on earnings is significantly less than without the execution of the futures contract. In this example, the airline would be taking a long position, while the party obligated to deliver the crude oil will be taking a short position, as they are the seller, while the airline is the buyer. An airline is unlikely to take a short position in crude oil, as declining prices benefit the bottom line.
In contrast to investors or companies looking to hedge exposures, speculators will be looking to benefit from the price fluctuations of an asset class without actually having a physical exposure to the asset class in question. The incentive for a speculator is profit from the general direction of contracts decided upon by their outlook on supply and demand for the particular instrument.
In summary:
Hedgers can go either long or short. Short positions are taken to secure a price now in order to protect the hedger from declining prices in the future, while long positions protect against rising prices in the future.
Speculators go short on the expectation of prices falling in the future while going long on the assumption that prices will be on the rise.
With Bitcoin now having been in existence since 2009 and become a sizeable instrument by market cap comparable to some of the largest listed companies on the U.S equity markets, it comes as a little surprise that futures exchanges have moved ahead on offering investors with the option of Bitcoin futures contracts.
For Bitcoin, miners will receive some relief from the launch of the futures market, with the sizeable investments into mining equipment, not to mention exponential gains, needing some protection against price declines, while the speculator may be looking for the rally to continue and reach the stratospheric heights predicted by some in the marketplace, or in some cases, for the bubble to burst.

How to Buy and Sell Bitcoin Futures?

Bitcoin futures based on Gemini’s auction prices are available for trading
For those looking to enter the Bitcoin futures market, the first and fundamental question is whether the motivation is speculative or to protect current Bitcoin earnings from any downside.
Choice of exchange may be considered arbitrary, but it would be best to go with the exchange with the greatest number of futures contracts issued, as both will be considered liquid from an investor perspective.
As we addressed before, contract sizes differ on the respective exchanges as do margin requirements, so these are also considerations.
When looking to trade with margin, this is essentially the funding component of the trade executed on the futures exchange.
As investors will not actually own Bitcoin itself, there is no need for the full value of the purchase to be paid in advance of the contract expiry date. In the event of an investor holding a contract until the expiration date, the amount paid, if out of the money, is limited to the difference between contract price and the actual price. The margin is placed on a margin funding account as collateral for the trade.
In addition to the collateral, also referred to as initial margin, investors are required to meet Mark-to-Market calls during the duration of the futures contract.
The Mark-to-Market (“MTM”) margin is the difference between the cost of the position held and the current market value (“CMV”) of the position. In the event of a loss, the exchange will fund any margin shortfalls stemming from a MTM call from the investor’s margin funding account. The reverse is also possible, where the exchange funds the account where the investor has margins in excess of the required amount.
In the event that the margin funding account falls below acceptable levels, the investor will then be required to fund the account to meet future MTM requirements.
As we mentioned above, contract sizes between the 2 exchanges are different.
Final settlement on both exchanges is in U.S Dollars, with no actual Bitcoins held during the duration of the contract that requires settlement.
With futures contracts being a 2-sided market, involving a buyer and a seller, counterparty risk on the final settlement is absorbed by the respective clearing houses and not the party in the money.
It’s worth noting that, while those looking to hedge Bitcoin’s value are likely to hold futures contracts through the expiration, speculators are likely to be buying and selling Bitcoin ahead of expiration, taking advantage of daily movements in response to market noise.
For this reason, market liquidity is particularly important for those holding futures contracts as an inability to find a buyer can have quite dire consequences to the futures market and the price of Bitcoin itself.

How Can Bitcoin Futures Affect Bitcoin Trading?

The gains have come off the back of Bitcoin futures seeing an uptick in value above Bitcoin’s actual value at the time of launch of each of the respective exchanges.
With the general theory being that the smarter institutional money is going into the Bitcoin futures market, investors in Bitcoin will be looking towards the futures market as a guide to the future direction of Bitcoin, based on information available in the marketplace.
Increased appetite for lower prices would see the value of Bitcoin futures contracts decline, which would likely lead to price declines in Bitcoin itself.
When we look at the Dow mini or the S&P500 futures, daily movements have a material impact on the direction of the main indexes each day, barring the arrival of new information to which investors respond during normal trading hours.
For now, the number of contracts is considered relatively small and investors may take less direction from the respective exchanges, but we will expect the number of contracts to grow over time and provide some idea on which direction Bitcoin will take on a given day.
Exchange to choose

JEX Exchange
If you have a interesting in trading Bitcoin, Ethereum, EOS or other cryptocurrency futures in a professional exchange, JEX Exchange would be a good choice.
It’s the leading Bitcoin futures & options trading exchange in the world.
It's official website is as follows www.jex.com
For more questions, you could find them in the following ways
Find us on
JEX Twitter
About JEX
JEX Telegram
JEX Reddit
JEX Facebook
JEX Facebook Group
submitted by JEX_Derivative to jex [link] [comments]

What are the BEST Cryptocurrency Exchanges for US CITIZENS ... Is Coinbase Safe To Store Bitcoin - On Your Phone? - YouTube What is Bitcoin? Bitcoin Explained Simply for Dummies ... Top 5 Crypto Exchanges For Americans to Use - YouTube Coinbase, Binance, & Bittrex - Which Crypto Exchange To ...

Alternative Airlines, a U.K based travel agency has partnered with Utrust, a digital payments processor to facilitate crypto payments to more than 600 airlines. Utrust which is swiss based recently announced its new collaboration with Alternative Airlines. Alternative Airlines hogged the limelight when it was included among the 100 Fast ... The New York City-based bitcoin exchange, itBit, has received a green light to trade the virtual currency across all US states, allowing America to finally play catch up to China and other nations ... As early as 2013, airlines and online travel agencies began accepting Bitcoin as a payment method. Valuations back then were roughly $900 per BTC (Bitcoin) and with values in the last few months ranging between $13,000-$20,000 per BTC, the swing toward cryptocurrency as a payment option appears to only be in the beginning stages. Let’s look at the airlines and online travel agencies that are ... We discuss how to exchange bitcoins for cash, bitcoin merchants, and more at ReviewBitcoin.com. Bitcoin Review. The digital age has changed daily life in so many ways and this Bitcoin review will explain how a once scuffed at and obscure digital currency is poised to change the way the world banks. You've no doubt heard "Bitcoin" in some form or fashion by now. Enough to wonder what it is ... ICOs, Airlines and Bitcoin ETFs. Also hedge funds, blockchain diplomas, FIZZ and the Great Snake of Risk. By . Matt Levine, Matt Levine is a Bloomberg Opinion columnist covering finance. He was an ...

[index] [1522] [6856] [22058] [34103] [16236] [15869] [46261] [30100] [25146] [18990]

What are the BEST Cryptocurrency Exchanges for US CITIZENS ...

SUBSCRIBE if you enjoy these type of videos! Thanks for watching! Twitter: https://twitter.com/TheCryptoviser Join Coinbase & Get Free Bitcoin: https://www.c... Start trading Bitcoin and cryptocurrency here: http://bit.ly/2Vptr2X Bitcoin is the first decentralized digital currency. All Bitcoin transactions are docume... Okay, so you've got a bunch of bitcoin and you want to withdraw it directly into your checking account. In under 3 minutes I'm going to show you how easy it ... Crypto Course: https://geni.us/ovIL Coinbase Free $10 In Crypto: https://geni.us/8vPU Coinbase Link: https://geni.us/Mnd4a Coinbase Written Review: https://g... Binance is kicking customers from the United States off of their crypto trading platform. Many users are looking for new places to trade that are U.S. Compli...

#